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INDEX.


A. PAGE
Advance in turning 562
After sails 157
Aground, getting 576-581
ANCHOR-
  American 230
  advantage of lying at single 270
  backing an 255
  carrying out with one boat 279-281
  carrying out with two boats 282-284
  catting an 248
  fishing an 248
  foul 251
  getting off the bows 246
  heaving up an 247
  jury 234
  letting go an 246
  Martin's 233
  Mitchell's 234
  mushroom 233
  parts of an 230
  portable 230, 232
  Porter's 2331
  purchasing an 183
  proof of an 232
  sea 211, 234-235, 480, 535
  securing for sea 251
  sheet, how 183
  stocks 231
  sweeping for 286
  transporting an 184
  trip hook 249
  weighing an 247, 278, 380-394, 529, 537-538.
  weighing with boats 286-287
  weights of an 232
  which to pick up first when moored 247, 278
ANCHORING 246, 517-526, 535, 553
  beating in on a flood and 524
  by the stern 257
  head on 521
  in a narrow channel 523, 554
  off exposed coasts 525
  preparations for 518, 553
  running under double reefs 524
  Saratoga at Champlain 259
  schooners 535
  standing in on a wind and 521
  steamers 553
  with a free wind 520
 
ANCHORING- PAGE
  with a free wind and ebb tide 524
  with a scant wind 523
  with a spring 258
Apparently drowned, to restore 595
Apparently dead, treatment of 596
Articles under cognizance of Bureaus 194-198
Astern, effect of helm when going 544
Attraction of vessels 438-439
Auxiliary steering screw 574, 637
Avoiding collision at anchor 525
Avoiding dangers, steamers 547
Awnings to douse and spread 355
 
B.
 
Back cloths 171
" ropes 106
Backers for head earings 127, 131, 133
Backing an anchor 255
" and filling 621
" off a lee shore 391, 427
" into a slip 559
Backstays cut and fitted 104, 106, 107
Bad weather under steam 551
Bag racks 298
Bags 298
Bale sling 61
Ballast, stowage and shape 190, 191
Barometer, the 460-464
Bathing, precautions 594, 595
Battens, staying masts by 609
Beckets, reefing 52, 452
Beam scale 97-98
Bearings, relative 12-13
Bell's purchase 71, 141
Bending bower chain 238
  courses 165, 332, 504, 507
  hawsers 37
  head sails 168, 334, 502
  light sails 168, 336
  sail (exercise) 331-336
  sheet-chain 239
  spanker 169, 334
  studding sails 169-170
  topsails 166, 332, 503, 505, 507
  Bends 36-37
Berthing 294
Billet, form of 303
Bill of health 647
 

662
 
  PAGE
Bill of sale 647
Bitting chain-cable 239-240
Bitt stopper 243
Block and block 66
Blocks, names of 63-66
" sizes of rope and straps 67, 72, 605.
Block straps 67-69, 604-605
Boarding vessels and wrecks 218
Boat officer, duties of 215-218
" salutes 214
BOATS-
  carrying out anchors in. 279-286
  boarding in 217, 218
  carrying stores in 220
  crews 293
  detaching apparatus (Brown's, Fiske's, Wood's) 227, 228, 226
  equipments 200-201
  good order of 213
  handling under oars 203-206
  hauling up on shore 221
  hoisting inboard 175-179
  hoisting and lowering 201, 202
  management in a gale 211
  management in surf 611-613
  orders used in handling 203-206, 208-210.
  rigs 206
  sailing 208-212
  size of 200
  trimming 209
  towing by 217
  weighing anchors with 286-287
  weights of 199
BOBSTAYS-
  carried away 485-486
  how measured 101
  how set up 110
  Booms 136-139
Boom brace 141
" irons 82
" flying jib 126
" jib 81
" lower 137
" rigging in and out, lower 354, 407
" studding sail 136-139
" topping lifts 136, 137
" schooner 136, 528
Bowlines 150
BOWSPRIT-
  carried away 493
  for rams 111
  lifting 111
  parts of 81
  rigging the 110
  shrouds 101
  taking in 89
  taking in, own resources 91-92
Box hauling 425
Boxing off 432
 
BRACES-- PAGE
  carrying away 482, 483, 485
  lead of 139-141
  preventer 141, 450, 455
Bracing in 434-436
" up 436-437
Brails 153
Bread room 193
Breaking strains, chain and rope 603
Breast band 15
Breechings 45
Bringing by after scudding 475
Bringing to a chain 247
Broaching to 474
Brought by the lee 473
Brown's detaching apparatus 227
Brushes, coir. 60
Bugle calls 648
Bull earings 163, 451
" rope 343
Bunt jiggers 153
Buntlines 149
Bunts 328
BUOYS-
  anchor 252-253
  channel 375-377
  life 447
  mooring 253, 554-555
Bureaus of Navy Dep't. 194-196
Burtons 73
" Spanish 73
Burton strap topsail yard 127
" lower yard 132
 
C.
 
Cable tier 192
Calculating floating powers 287
Calm; counterbracing 437-438
CANVAS-
  numbers of 172, 610, 611
  tests 610, 611
  use of different kinds. 172
CAP-
  to ship bowsprit 90
  lower 120
  topmast 121
Capsizing boats 212
CAPSTAN 245
  bars, how secured 245
  bringing chain to the 247
  steam 261
Carrying away rigging 482-491
" away spars 492-501
" out anchors in boats 280-284
" out kedge 279
" stores 220
CASTING 380-394
  schooners 529
  under steam 547
CAT-
  back, how rove 249
 

663
 
CAT- PAGE
  block 64
  to hook the 248
  to reeve the 249
Catharpins 104
Cathead stopper, how fitted 246
Catspaw 35
Catting anchors with cat-chain 250
Certificate of registry 646
CHAINS-
  bending bower 238
  " sheet 239
  bitting 239
  breaking strains 603
  bringing to 247
  comparative sizes 603
  getting on board 238
  lengths of 237
  long scope, value of 254-255
  marks on 237
  ranging 240, 248
  securing inner end 238
  slipping 259
  surging 248
  sweeping for 286
  veering, bad weather 253
  weather bitting 240
  weights of 603
Chapelling ship 433
Charter party 647
Chasing 553
Check stoppers 243
Circular storms 464-470
Clearing hawse 275
Clew catchers 400
" jiggers 149
" lines 148
Clews, hammock 59
Clinches 37
Clothes lines 355
Clothing 297
Clubbing 621
Club hauling 422
Cockbilling yards 358
Collier's purchase 257
COLLISION-
  avoiding at anchor 525
  reports made on 377
  rules for avoiding 360-375
  steamers 553
Coming to against the helm 432
Commands 323
Communicating at sea 440
Comparative effects, screw and rudder 546
COMPASS-
  dumb 12
  to box the 11
Compressors 244
Conduct books 305
Conning 413
Construction stores 196
 
  PAGE
Controllers 244
Correspondence 319
Counterbracing 437
Courmes' method, diameters 629
COURSES-
  to bend 165, 332
  fit 161
  furl 166, 471
  reef 450, 452, 453
  set 399
  shift 504-505-507
  take in 399, 471
  unbend 336, 504, 507
Cringles 44, 160
"Croesus," case of the 587
Crossing light yards (drill) 345
" and loosing sail 347
CROSSTREES-
lower 113
topmast 120-121
Cuckold's neck 46
Cutting and fitting rigging 97-107
" away masts 481
out sails 159
Cyclones 464-470
 
D.
 
Davit, fish 249
Dead eyes 107, 606
" to turn in 606
Deck stoppers 242
" tackle 73
Decrease in weight, immersed bodies 288
Definitions 1-8
De Horsey rig for boats 207
DERRICK 87, 186-188
  calculating strain on 189
  upright 188
DETACHING APPARATUS-
  Brown's 227
  Fiske's 228
  Wood's 226
DIAMETERS-
  final 562-566
  methods of finding 629-633
  tactical 562-566
Difference of resistance to screw blades 540
Distress, assisting vessels in 218
Dolphins 50
Dolphin striker, to rig 123
Downhauls 150
Draft, cutting rigging by 97
Drag, to use a 479
Drawing frames 598
Dressing ship 356
Drift angle 562, 629-633
" to determine 629-633
Drifting 620-622
Drift lead 16
 

664
 
  PAGE
Drowned, to restore apparently 595
Drowning persons, to rescue 593
Dry dock, to haul into 558
DUTIES OF-
  boat officers 215, 317
  forecastle officer 308
  midshipman of berth deck 316
  " division 317
  " gun deck 314
  " hold 316
  " quarter deck 311
  " top 313
  petty officers 300
  topmen and others 299
 
E.
 
EARINGS-
  fitted 163
  head, how secured 127, 165, 335
reef, how passed 451
Embarking heavy articles, boats 221
Emergency signal 550
Engineers' stores 197
Engine-room signals 538, 550
" Enterprise," turning trials 641
Equipment of boats 200
" stores 196
Equipoise rudder 94
" how supported 94
" present value of 565
EXERCISES-
  port routine 323-355
  under steam 567
EYE-
  Elliott's 241
  Flemish 42
  rope makers' 42
  spindle 43
 
F.
 
Fenders 58
Fid 38, 513
  preventer 349
  topmasts, to 122, 516
Fighting stoppers 243
Fill away, to 441
Finding size of shrouds 607
Fire bill 302
" booms 625
Fish davit 249
Fishing a lower yard 499
Fiske's detaching apparatus 228
Fitting standing rigging 110-139
Fittings of sails 160-164, 167
Flemish horses 128
Floating power, to calculate 287
Flying jib, to set 402
" to take in 403
Flying jib boom, to get on board 126
" to rig in and out, 126, 351, 352
 
  PAGE
Flying moor, to make a 273
Fog signals 362-363, 378
FOOT ROPES-
  jib 123
  lower 132
  topgallant 133
  topsail 128
Fore and afters, handling. 527-536
Fore and aft sails, to bend 169, 334
" to make up 168, 169
Fore and aft stays fitted 102, 105-107
" send up 114, 121, 125.
" set up 116, 122, 126
Forecastle officer, duties of 308
Foul anchor 251
" hawse to clear 275
Foxes 25, 50
French reefs 162-163, 452
Funnel 82, 125
FURLING-
  courses 166
  fore and aft sails 168, 169
  remarks on 328
  sail, from a bowline 330
  sail, from a buntline 327
  topsails 167
Futtock band carried away 489
" shrouds, how fitted 102
 
G.
 
Gaffs 135
Gaff topsail 529
Gale 471-482
preparations for 472, 473
" to ride out a, in boats 211
Gammoning 110
" carried away 489
Ganger 239
Garland 88
Garnet 74
Gaskets 50, 164
German experiments, screw ships, 634, 636
GETTING-
  aground 576
  anchor off the bows 246
  chains on board 238
  underway 380-395
  " schooner 529
  " steamers 537
Gin bar 121
" blocks 64
Girtlines, hammock 75, 295, 355
" rigging 75, 112, 113, 120
Glass, long and short 17, 18
Going alongside (boats) 212
" a wharf (ships) 555-558
Gold leaf, to apply 619
"Gorgon," case of the 577
Grafting 50
 

665
 
  PAGE
Griolet purchase 74
Gripes, boats 201
Grommet straps 68, 604
Ground log 20
Guess warp 219
Gun tackle 75
" tackle purchase 72
GUNS-
  backing an anchor with 256
  getting in 180, 181
  getting out 1811
  throwing overboard 182, 256
  weighing 256
GUYS-
  boom 153
  jib 106
 
H.
 
Hackle 5P8
Half boards 426
Half tops, to send up 113
Halliards 141-144
" (boats) 208
Hambroline 24
Hammocks 295
Hammock clews 59
" girtlines 75, 295, 355
HANDLING BOATS-
  under oars 203
  under sail 208-212
  fore and afters 527-536
"Hankow" experiments 545, 627
Haul of all 419
Hauling up boats on shore 221
Hawse, rope 276
" to clear 275
Hawsers, sizes of 240, 603
" steel 241, 603
Head and stern, to moor 273
Head earings, course 163, 165, 335
" topsail 163, 335
HEAD SAILS-
  bending 168, 335
  making up 168
  setting, 403
  shifting 502
  stowing 168
  taking in 403, 471
  unbending 337
HEAVING-
  down 584
  the log 18
  to, boats 210
  " fore and afters 533
  " under sail 441
  under steam and sail 551
  up an anchor 247
Heeling, effect on circle 564
Helm angles, effect on circle 565
" assists in shortening sail 411
 
  PAGE
Helm weather, how caused 412, 549
Hitches 34-36
Hitching 49
HOISTING-
  boats 201
  head sails 403
  rail launches 179
  reefing and 449-456
  square sails 410
  in and out boats 175-180
  guns 180
  heavy articles 174
  launch when underway 178
  light articles 173
  spare spars 174
Hold, stowage of 190-193
Hooks 66
Houseline 25
Hull, parts of 1-8
 
I.
 
Idlers 293
Immersion, decreasing weight 288
In and out jiggers 405
INSTRUCTIONS-
  for restoring apparently dead 596
  " drowned 595
for saving drowning persons 593
Irons, ship in 420
 
J.
 
JACKSTAYS-
  lower yard 132
  reefing 128, 132
  topgallant yard 134
  topsail yard 127
Jacob's ladders 61, 137, 352
Jeer Blocks 65, 75
Jeers 75
Jewsharp 231
JIB-
  to bend 168, 335
  gear carried away 486, 487
  set 403
  shift 502
  stow 168
  take in 403, 471
  unbend 337
JIB Boom-
  carried away 496
  getting on board 123
  how rigged 81, 124
  to rig in 509, 515
  to rig out 124
  to shift 509
Jib stay, carried away 486
" how fitted 105
Jiggers 75
Jumpers 406, 471
Jumping booms 225
 

666
 
  PAGE
Junk 25
JURY-
  anchor 234
  mast 494
  rudder 477-479
  windlass 287
 
K.
 
Kackling 36
Kedge and toggle 394
Kedges 231
" to carry out 279
Kedging 220
Knocked down 480
Knots 31-34
Kunstaedter steering screw 574, 637-638
 
L.
 
Laniards, rigging. 110-111
LAUNCHES-
  carried on rail 179
  hoisting inboard 175
  weighing anchor with 286
Laws of storms 464-469
LEAD 14-16
  deep sea 15
  to heave the 14-16
Lead line, how marked 14
Lead of gear, altering 154
Leaks 582
Leech lines 152
Lee, brought by the 473
" shore getting under way from. 386-391
Letting go an anchor 246
LIFE BOAT-
  " handling 222
  " manning 446
  buoys 447
  lines 358
  saving service, U. S. 588-593
Lifting bowsprit 111
LIFTS-
  carried away 488
  fitting lower 131
  " topgallant 134
  " topping 136, 137, 528
  " topsail 129
LIGHT SAILS 157
  To bend 168, 336
  to unbend. 337, 349
Light yards, exercise of 343
  to send down, bad weather 472
Lights, vessels 360
Linings, sails 160
Little's method for diameters 631
Lizard light yards 133, 345
" topgallant masts 349
 
  PAGE.
Lizard topmasts 514
Logbook 458, 647
" line how marked 17
" to heave the 17-18
Lookouts 304, 396-397
LOOSING SAIL-
  getting underway 381
  to a bowline 329
  to the buntlines 326
Losing spars 492-501
LOWER BOOMS-
  bow fitted 137
  to get from under bows 409
  to rig in and out 354, 407
LOWER-
  brace carried away 482
  cap to ship 120
  lift carried away 488
  lifts how fitted 131
  mast, carried away 494
  " iron 83
  " wooden 80-81
  masthead pendants 98
  rigging how fitted 98-103
  " how set up 116-117
  stays, how fitted, 101-102
LOWER YARD 82
  fishing 499
  fittings 82, 131
  getting inside rigging 498
  getting on board 130
  sending down 515
  sending up 132, 516
  shoring up 186
  used as a derrick 187
Lowering boats 201, 444-447
Luff tackles 72, 75
Lug sails 206
" to dip 206-207
LYING TO-
  fore and afters 534
  steamers 551
  under sail 472
 
M.
 
Main brace carried away 482
" yard, leaving square in stays 430, 446
MAKING SAIL-
  detail 398
  exercise 338
  in getting underway 381, 383
MAN OVERBOARD-
  schooners 534
  under sail 444-446
  under steam 550
Management of boats in surf 611
Manifest 647
Manning yards 357
Marline 25
Marline spike 38
 

667
 
  PAGE
Martingale 106, 123, 406
Martin's anchors 233
Masthead pendant tackles 185
Masting 84-92
MASTS 80-84
  boat's 207
  cutting away 481
  how secured before staying 114
  standing of 115
  staying by use of battens 609
MATE OF-
  berth deck, duties 316
  gundeck, duties 314
  hold, duties 316
Measuring for rigging 99-107
Medical stores 198
" Melrose" experiments 545
Mending sail 331
Mensing's method for diameters 631
Messenger 245
Messing 296
Metallic robands 335
" splices 108
MIDSHIPMAN OF-
  boat (armed) 317
  division 317
  quarter deck 311
  top 313
Miscellaneous routine 614
Missing stays 419
Mitchell's anchor 234
Mix stopper 243
Moor flying 273
MOORING-
  at a wharf 555-557
  head and stern 273
  in a tideway 272
  preparations for 269
  ship 268-274
  swivel to put on 278
  to a buoy 555
Moorings, picking up 253
"Monongahela," case of 579
Mousing a hook 60
Mushroom anchor 233
Muster roll 647
 
N.
 
Nautical terms 1-8
Navigation stores 197
Navy Yard moorings 557
" organization 196
Nets 58
Nettings 62
Nettles 25, 26
Nippering 47
Nippers 241, 245
 
O.
 
OARS 199
handling boats under 203
 
OARS- PAGE
  and sails 210
  steering with an 200, 612
Officer of the deck, the 395
Open boats, management in surf 611
Ordnance stores 197
Organization 289
Outfits under different Bureaus 196-198
Outhauls 151
Overboard, man. 444, 534, 550
 
P.
 
Pacific irons 82
Painter, boat's 201
" shank 246
Painting ship 618-619
Parbuckle 61, 85
" counter 85
Parcelling 47
PARREL-
  carried away 485, 487
  topgallant 133
  topsail 128
Parting rigging 482-491
Passport 646
Paymaster's stores 197
Petty officers' duties 289, 300
Picking tip moorings 253
Plan of holds 190
Pointing 49
Portable anchors 232
Port routine, exercises 323-355
Power gained by tackles 70-72
PREPARATIONS-
  for anchoring 246, 517-520
  " entering port 518
  heavy weather 472
  " mooring 270-271
  " sea 615
Principal parts of ship 1-8
Proof of anchors 232
" chains 237, 603
Proportion of straps to blocks 605
Provisions, stowage of 191
Purchase, sheer 86
Purchases, see TACKLES.
Purchasing guns 180-183, 186
" heavy weights 174, 186
" waist anchors 183
Putting on mooring swivel 278
 
Q.
 
Qualities of anchors 233
QUARTER-
  bill 301
  blocks, lower yard 131
  " topgallant yard 133
  " topsail yard 127
  irons 132
"Quinnebaug" turning trials 639
 

668
 
R. PAGE
Racing 543
Ranging chain 240
Ratline stuff 24
Rattling down 118
Receiving crew on board 303
Reducing sail to a squall 211, 442, 533, 551
Relation of power to weight 70-72
Relative bearings 12-13
REEF-
  earings 163
  to pass, earings 451
  tackle carried away 483
  tackles 76, 152, 449
REEFING-
  beckets 52, 451
  boats' sails 210
  a course 450
  on the foot 506
  schooners' sails 533
  spanker 456
  topsails 449
  trysail 456
REEFS-
  French 162
  to round to under 452
  to shake out 452
Relieving tackles 476
Reports of collision 377
Reporting for duty 320
Restoration of app. drowned. 595, 597
" dead 596
Reverse effect of rudder 533-546
Reversing valve (windlass) 266
Riding to leeward 624
" windward 623
Rig of boats 206
" vessels 9-10
RIGGING-
  cut by draft 97
  cutting and fitting 97-107
  lower 98-103, 113-115
  names of parts 9
  of head booms 106, 123, 126
  royal 125
  running 139-155
  setting up 116-122
  ship 110-155
  topgallant 125
  topmast 121-122
Rigging screws 607
Right-handed screw 539
Ring stopper 242, 247
Rolling tackles 180
ROPE- 21-30
  backhanded 22
  bolt 24
  breaking strains of 29, 603
  cable-laid 22
  comparative sizes 29, 603
 
ROPE- PAGE
  hide 23
  lengthening with a strand 40
  manilla 23
  manufacture of 598
  shortening in the centre 41
  size for block, to find 29, 605
  strength 27, 29, 603
  tapered 23
  twice-laid 23
  varieties of 22-24
  weight of 29
  wire 24
Roping 24,162
Ropemaker's winch 26
Rope making 598
Roundline 24
Routine, miscellaneous 305, 614
Royal shrouds and stays 104, 125
Royals, to set and take in 402
ROYAL YARDS-
  to fit 134
  to exercise 343-349
  sending down, bad weather, 472
RUDDER- 92
  backchains for 95
  boats', to ship easily 200
  effects, screw steamers 544
  equipoise 94, 565
  gone 476
  how supported 94
  jury 477-479
  to ship 93
  to steer without 476, 487
Rules of the road 360-379
Runners 72
Running lights 360
" rigging 139-155
 
S.
 
Saddle 135
SAIL-
  bending 164-169
  " port routine 331
  covers 171
  furling from a bowline 330
  the buntlines 327
  loosing to a bowline 329
  " the buntlines 326
  " and crossing yards 347
  making 338, 381. 383
  making, detail 398-409
  mending 331
  room 193
  shortening 330, 340, 520
  tackle 76
  unbending 336, 348
  " and sending down yds. 348
Sailing, boats 209
SAILS 156-172
  advantage of setting flat 158
 

669
 
SAILS- PAGE
  boats 206
  cutting out 159
  fittings of 160-164, 167
  fore and aft 169
  head, to set and take in 403, 471
  names of 9
  parts of 156
  shifting, blowy weather 504-507
  " in chase 507
  square 156, 409
  studding 156-157
Salutes, boats 214
Schooners, handling 527-536
" rig of 527-529
Scraping spars 618
Screw, effect on turning 540-543
" right-handed 539
SCREW-
  current due to slip 543
  effect in backing 541
  " on rudder 541
Scudding 473
SEA-
  anchor 211, 234, 480, 535
  letter 647
  preparing for 615-617
  terms 1-8
Seams of sails 159
Securing boats for sea. 201, 616
" bower " 251
Seizings 45-47
Selvagees 51
SENDING DOWN-
  damaged spars 492-501
  light spars (drill) 353
  light and unbending sail 348
  light yards 346
  split sails 502-508
  topgallant masts 350, 551
Sennit 53-54
" for hats 59
Service 47-48
SETTING UP-
  bobstays 110
  rigging 116, 122
  stays 116, 122
Shackle, anchor 231
" pins 237
Shackles, chain 237
Shaking out reefs 452
Shakings 26
Shank painter 247-248
Sheave and pin 63
Sheep shank 35
Sheer pole 116
Sheers to dismantle 91
" to raise 87
SHEET ANCHOR-
  purchasing 183
  securing 183
  transporting 184
 
  PAGE
Sheet-chain, bending 239
getting on board 238
Sheets 144-147
Shift of wind 432-434
SHIFTING-
  a course 504, 507
  " heavy weather 504
  " in chase 507
  jib 502
  studding sail boom 508
  topgallant mast 510
  " sail 508
  topmast 513
  topsail 503-507
  " heavy weather 505
  " in chase 507
  " yard 511
Ship on her beam ends 480
" the, definitions 1-8
Shipping articles 647
Ship's papers 646-647
Shoring up lower yard 186
" ship when aground 579
Shortening sail coming to anchor 520
" exercise 340
" loosed to a bowline 330
SHROUDS-
  carried away 489
  cutting and fitting 97-107
  futtock 102
  measuring for 99,101, 103, 104
  rule for size of 607
  to send aloft 113
  to set up bowsprit 110
  " lower 116
  " topmast 122
Side-tackle 76
Siegel's method for diameters 632
Signals, fog 362-363, 378
to engine room 538, 550
Silence, call for 306
Size of shrouds, rules for 607
" relative, of rope and chain 29, 603
Sliding gunter mast and rig 206
SLINGS-
  gun 60
  hogshead 60
  preventer 83
  lower yard 83, 131
Sling to, a cask 61.
" cask with head knocked in 61
Slip, backing into a 559
" stoppers 243
Slipping a chain 259
Sloops, handling 530-534
" rig of 529
Small store requisitions 296
Small stuff 24
Snaking 49, 62
Snorters 134
Sounding, under sail 15, 448
 

670
 
  PAGE
Soundings under steam 551
Sounding machine, Tanner's 645
SPANKER-
  to bend 169, 334
  " furl 169
  " reef 456
  " set 403
  " take in 403
  " unbend 337
Spanish burtons 73
" foxes 25,50
" windlass 45
Spare anchor to transport 185
" spars to get on board 174
" to stow 175
Spars, names of 9
" to tow 218
Sp. Taxes 25, 50
Speed indicator 19
SPLICING 37-44
bench 107
wire rope 108
Splitting sails 502
Spreader 598
Spreading awnings 355
Spring, anchoring with a 258
" casting from 386, 391, 393, 555
Spun yarn 25
Spur shores 557
SQUALLS 442-444
  handling boats in 211
  " fore and afters in 533
  reducing sail to 442
  under sail to receive 442
  " steam " 551
Squaring yards 341
Standing of masts 115
rigging 96-108
Station bill 302
Staying of masts 115
" by use of battens 609
STAYS-
  carried away 486-487
  lower, to fit 101-102
  " to send aloft 114
  " to set up 116
  missing 419
topmast, to fit 105
" to set up 122
Staysails, to set and take in 405
STEAM AND SAIL 548
  capstan, Lancaster 260
  handling vessels under 537-575
  launches, hints on 223
  windlass, Trenton 262
STEAM STEERER-
  Baird's 573
  Manton's 572
  Sickel's 569
  value of 573
 
STEAMERS- PAGE
  altering lead of gear 154
  coming to anchor 553
  getting under way 537
  handling in squalls 551
  lights 366
  lying to, heavy weather 551
  making sail on 549
  man overboard 550,
  mooring to a buoy 553-554
  " wharf 555-557
  tacking 549-550.
  taking in tow 551, 560
  turning 561-569
Steaming up to anchors 256
Steerers, steam 569-573
" value of 573.
STEERING 412
  and trimming boats 209
  oar, how fitted 200
  with a drag 477
  with a hawser 476
  with a jury rudder 477-479
Stocks of anchors 231
STOPPERS 33-34, 242-244
  cathead 246
  fighting 243
  for cable 242-244
Stopping leaks 583
" steamers 147, 574
Store rooms 592-193
Stores, carrying in boats 220
" hoisting on board 173
Storm sails 157
Storms, laws of 464-469
Stowage 190-194
Stowing head sails 168
" spare spars 175
Straps, rules for size of 67, 604
Strapping blocks 67-69
" Stratheden" experiments 637
Stress on derricks 189
STUDDING SAIL BOOMS 137-138
  to get from under bows 409
  how fitted 137-138
  jumper for 406
  rigging in and out 137
  sending aloft 138
  shifting 508
STUDDING SAILS-
  to bend 170
  " dip 408
  " make up 170
  " set 405-408
  " take in 405-408
Sunstroke, treatment of 596
Supporting lower yards 174
Surf, management of boats in 611
Surging chain 248
Sweeping for anchors 285
" chains 286
Swiftering in slack rigging 496
 

671
 
  PAGE
Swiftering in to rattle down 118
Swigging off 79
SWIVELS-
  in chain 237
  mooring, to put on 278
  use of 237
Sword mats 54-58
 
T.
 
Tack, carried away 484
TACKING 415
  boats 209
  fore and afters 530-531
  steamers 549
  under double reefs 421
  with a drag 421
Tackles, names and uses 70-79
" power gained 70-72, 78
Tacks 147-148.
Tactical diameter, how found 629-633
Taffrail log 19
Tail block 69
Taken aback 432-434
" in tow 217, 431, 551, 560
Tank toggle 611
TAKING IN SAIL
  (detail) 398-410
  bowsprit 89
  mizzen mast 88-89
TAKING IN Tow-
  boats 217
  under sail 431
  under steam 551
Tanner's sounding machine 645
Tarring down 618
" yarns 599
Tending ship at single anchor 622
" when moored 275
"Tennessee" turning trials 643
Tension to be given rigging 117
" stays 117
Terms, nautical 1-8
TESTS-
  of anchors 232
  canvas 610-611
  chain 237, 603
  rope 603
Thimbles, to splice in 108
Tides 387
Tideway, in under sail 620
Tierers 238
Tiller rope carried away 487
Timenoguy 140
TOP GALLANT-
  brace and parrel carried away 485
  lift to clear 346
  rigging, to fit 104
  rigging, to set up 125
  mast carried away 495
  " get on board 124
 
TOP GALLANT- PAGE
  mast rig 125
  " send down (gale) 551
  " (exercise) 350
  " send up 124, 510
  " (exercise) 352
  " shift 510
TOP GALLANT SAIL-
  bend 168, 336
  furl 402
  set 401
  shift 508
  take in 402
  unbend 337, 349
TOP GALLANT STUDDING 8AIL-
  bend 170
  dip 408
  make up 170
  set 404
  take in 405
  boom, fittings of 138
TOP GALLANT YARD-
  carried away 496
  cross 134
  cross (exercise) 345
  cross and loose sail 347
  get on board 133
  rig 133-134
  send down (gale) 472
  send down (exercise) 346
TOPMAST 82
  cap to ship 121
  carried away 495
  cross trees, to send up 120-121
  fid 119, 514, 516
  get on board 119
  house 515
  rig 121
  rigging fitted 103-104
  rigging set up 122
  send down 515
  shift 513
  wreck, to send down 495
TOPMAST STUDDING SAIL-
  to bend 170
  make up 170
  set 405
  take in 406
  boom, to rig 137
  " rig in and out 405
  " send aloft 137
  " shift 508
Tops, to send up 112
half, to send up 113
Topsail brace, panel, reef-tackle, sheet carried away 483-487
TOPSAIL-
  bend 166
  " exercise 332-336
  gear of 161
  furl 167
  make up 166
 

672
 
TOPSAIL- PAGE
  names of parts 160
  reef 449, 452, 453
  set 400-401
  shift 503, 505, 507
  take in 400-401
  unbend 337, 504
  schooner 535
  yard 82
  " carried away 497
  " get on board 126-127
  " rig 127
  " send down 511
  " send up 130, 512
  " shift 511
TOWING AT SEA-
  sail 431
  steam 551
  in port, boats 217
  " tugs 560
  vessels on fire 218
Transfer in turning 562
Transporting spare anchor 185
waist " 184
Treatment of apparently drowned 595
" dead 596
Trestle trees carried away 497
" send up 112
Triatic stay 175
Tricing lines, boom 138
Trimming yards 418
Trip hook 249
Trumpet, the 323
Truss carried away 488
" how fitted 82, 131
TRYSAIL-
  bend 169
  furl 169
  mast, how fitted 135
  reef 456
  set 404
  take in 404
  unbend 337
Turks head 51
Turning agencies screw vessels 538
" effect of screw 540-534
" rudder 544
" experiments 561, 627
Turning in dead eyes 606
Twin screw, effect in turning 539, 567
Twine, sail 22, 159
Tyes, topsail 129
 
U.
 
Unbending sail, exercise 336
" in heavy weather 504
Under sail and oars 210
Under way, to get, fore and afters 529
" under sail 380-395
" steam 537
 
  PAGE
Unmooring 274
Upright derrick 188
U. S. pilot rules 368
 
V.
 
Value of a long scope 254, 255
" steam steerers 573
Vangs 135
Veering chain 254
Vessels' lights 360
 
W.
 
Waist anchors, purchasing 183
" transporting 184
Warp, guess 219
Warping 219
Wash deck gear 192, 310, 614
Watch bill 291
Watches 304
Water whips 77
WEARING 423-426
  boats 210
  fore and afters 531
  in a gale 424, 425
  short around 426
  under bare poles 425
WEATHER-
  bitting a chain 240
  helm, steamers 549
  the 457-463
WEIGHING-
  an anchor with a boat 286
  guns 256
  notes on 380, 394
  with several anchors down 256
WEIGHT-
  of anchors 232
  boats 199
  chain 237, 603
  rope 28, 29, 603
Wheel ropes 23
" carried away 487
" crossed 379
Whipping 48
Whips 72
Whiskers, to rig 124
Winch, rope makers' 26
Wind and sea, effect on steamer 547
" weather, record of 458
" table of velocities 459
Winding pendants 178
Windlass 246
" Spanish 45
" steam 262
Wing and wing 532
Wings, stowage of 191,192
Wire cables 241
" rigging 96-109
" rope 24
 

673
 
  PAGE
Wire rope making 601
Wood's detaching apparatus 226
Working to windward with a tow 423
Worming 47
Wyckoff's method, diameters 630
 
Y
 
Yacht sails 536
YARD-
  lower to fish 499
  " get aboard 130
  " rig 131
  " secure 174
  " send down 498, 515
  " send up 132, 516
  royal, to cross 345
  rig 134
  " send down 346, 471
 
YARD- PAGE
  royal, to send up 135
  slings 83, 131
  tackles 77
  topgallant carried away 496
  " to cross 134, 345
  rig 133
  send down 346, 472
  topsail carried away 497
  " to get aboard 126-127
  " rig 127
  " send down 511
  " send up 130, 512
YARDS-
  cock billing 358
  exercising light 343-349
  manning 357
  squaring 341
Yards and Docks, bureau 194
Yarn 22
Yeoman's storeroom 192


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