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Figures 7-3 and 7-27. Inner Tube and Telescope Systems
and Optical Arrangement Ray Diagrams

7
DESIGN DESIGNATION 93KN36 PERISCOPE
 
A. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
 
7A1. Principal characteristics. The submarine periscope Type IV is a night-service instrument of 36-foot nominal length and 7 1/2-inch outer diameter. It is equipped with a tilting head prism capable of elevating the line of sight 45 degrees above the horizontal, and of correcting for the roll of pitch of the vessel. The optical elements are treated to increase the light transmission. The instrument is designed for high- and low-power observation, and is supplied with a suitable antenna for the attachment of a ST electronic device to the base of the instrument. The principal characteristics of the periscope are as follows:

Magnification Low power
High power
1.5X
6.0X
True field of view Low power
High power
32 deg
8 deg
 
Maximum elevation of the line of sight (above horizontal) 45 deg
Maximum depression of the line of sight (below horizontal) 10 deg
Maximum elevation of the edge of the field (above horizontal)
Low power
High power
61 deg
49 deg
Diameter of exit pupil (both powers) 7 mm
Over-all length of periscope 37' 2 1/4"
Optical length 36'
Outer diameter of body tube 7.50"
Minimum outer diameter of taper section 3.75"
Maximum diameter of hoisting yoke 14.75"
Maximum diameter of external projections 15.25"
Net weight of periscope 2,000 lb
Material of body tube Corrosion resisting steel
Material of outer taper section Corrosion resisting steel
 
B. REMOVING THE INNER TUBE
 
7B1. Disassembly of the inner tube from the outer tube. The inner tube is disassembled in the following manner:

1. Place the periscope in V-blocks of the optical I-beam bench. Place it so that sufficient space remains to permit removal of the inner tube.

2. Rotate the revolving grip (26, Figure 7-21) of the left training handle assembly so that the zero line of sight graduation on the index ring (31) corresponds to the stationary index line graduation on the fixed grip (24). This places the head prism at zero line of sight and offers no obstruction for the removal of the inner tube. Check the right training handle far change of power; it should be set for low power.

3. Remove the air outlet plug (3, Figure 7-12) and open the air outlet valve (5) of the eyepiece box (11) to allow, the internal gas pressure to be released slowly.

4. Remove the five bolts (16) from the base of the eyepiece box bottom flange plate (13). These bolts are unscrewed from tapped holes

  in the base of the eyepiece box (11). Remove the eyepiece box bottom flange plate (13) and the rayfilter stowage case assembly (31).

5. Remove the training handles by taking out eight hinge bracket bolts (5, Figure 7-21 and 7-22 respectively), for the left and right training handle assemblies.

6. Remove the focusing knob by taking out four lockscrews (10, Figure 4-39).

7. Remove the rayfilter housing (13, Figure 7-19) by pulling outward on both spring actuated plunger knobs (7).

8. Remove the eyepiece attachments that are secured to the anchor screw pins (8, Figure 7-12) projecting from the eyepiece box itself.

9. Follow the procedure described in Step 14 of Section 4C1 for the removal of the hoisting yoke assembly.

10. After the nitrogen pressure is released, close the air outlet valve (5) and replace the air outlet plug (3).

 
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11. Rotate the periscope in the V-blocks on the optical I-beam bench so that its eyepiece end is down.

12. Place the special outer tube alignment guide on the outer tube over the undercut section (Figure 4-7). Using a socket wrench, secure it so that the slotted section is lined up temporarily to the rear vertical azimuth line of the outer tube. Place the eyepiece box alignment guide over the two flat side portions of the eyepiece box (11, Figure 7-12), resting it on the front flat portion. Assemble the radius clamp (Figure 4-7) from the rear side of the eyepiece box to the two bolt projections of the alignment guide, and secure the radius clamp with two wing bolts.

Check the outer tube and eyepiece box alignment guide handles to ascertain their contact (Figure 4-8). Should any separation be detected, loosen the outer tube alignment guide bolt with a socket bench and rotate its handle in contact with the eyepiece box alignment guide handle. The purpose of the outer tube and eyepiece box alignment guides is to establish correct entry and removal guidance for the radial alignment key (17, Figure 7-12) in the eyepiece box (11) with the keyway in the lower part of the outer tube (2, Figure 7-2).

13. Remove the two lockscrews (21, Figure 7-12) in the main coupling (12) at the eyepiece box (11). The main coupling (12) is unscrewed by using a spanner wrench with an extension handle. Unscrew the main coupling counterclockwise, as it has right-hand threads for the outer tube and left-hand threads for the eyepiece box.

14. Follow the procedure outlined in Steps 18 and 19 of Section 4C1, for the detachment of special fixtures required in the removal of the inner tube.

15. Slowly pull the inner tube sections out of the outer tube until the third inner tube section (1, Figure 7-10) is clear of the outer tube.

The inner tube should be guided parallel with the outer tube and properly centered in it.

16. Place the adjustable roller stand (Figure 4-11) under the eyepiece box (11, Figure 7-12), removing the hook of the chain hoist and the shackle.

  17. Attach and secure the hinged clamp (similar to Figure 4-17 with variance in size) over the upper eccentric bearing of the third inner tube section (1, Figure 7-10), and the eccentric bearing of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40, Figure 7-7).

18. Connect the upper part of the lifting spreader bar (similar to Figure 4-13, but shorter in length) to the lifting projection of the hinged clamp. This projection slides between the center slot section of the upper end of the lifting spreader bar, and a bolt is placed through the clearance holes in the above projection and the spreader bar and secured with a locknut. The lifting plate projection slides into the center slot section of the spreader bar at the lower part, and is held in similar manner to the upper part. Place the chain hoist hook in the center pad clearance hole of the lifting spreader bar. The lifting spreader bar for this periscope is 15 inches shorter.

19. Take a light strain with the chain hoist on the lifting spreader bar, and remove the adjustable roller stand (Figure 4-11). Resume the removal of the inner tube slowly until the seventh inner tube section (79, Figure 7-6) is clear of the outer tube. The inner tube should be guided parallel to the outer tube and properly centered in it.

20. Attach and secure another hinged clamp over the seventh inner tube section (79) upper eccentric bearing and the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63) eccentric bearing, similar to Figure 4-14. Attach a shackle in the hole of the lifting projection of the hinged clamp, and with the chain hook placed in the shackle, take a light strain with the chain hoist.

21. Resume the removal of the inner tube slowly, checking to ascertain that it is guided parallel to the outer tube and properly centered in it.

22. Transport the inner tube to the V-blocks on the second I-beam bench. Remove both chain hoist hooks, hinged clamps, and steel lifting plate.

23. Remove the outer tube from the V-blocks on the optical I-beam bench with two chain hoists, using canvas covered galvanized wire taped slings wrapped once around the outer tube, transporting it to the periscope rack.

 
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C. OUTER HEAD, OUTER TAPER SECTION, OUTER TUBE, AND INNER TUBE ASSEMBLIES
 
7C1. Description of the outer head, outer taper section, and outer tube. Figure 7-1 shows the outer head, head window and range window assemblies. All bubble numbers in Sections 7C1, 2, and 4, refer to Figure 7-1 unless otherwise specified.

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
1 P-1475-1 1 Head window
2 P-1475-2 1 Range window
3 P-1480-1 1 Outer head
4 P-1481-1 1 Range window bezel frame
5 P-1481-2 1 Head window bezel frame
6 P-1481-3 1 Range window seat rubber gasket
7 P-1481-4 1 Head window seat rubber gasket
8 P-1481-5 1 Range window bezel frame rubber gasket
9 P-1481-6 1 Head window bezel frame rubber gasket
10 P-1506-16 14 Head window bezel frame lockscrews
11 P-1506-17 28 Range window bezel frame lockscrews

a. Outer head. The outer head (3) is made of solid forged corrosion-resisting steel. It serves as a covering for the skeleton head assembly (Figure 7-5) and is assembled to the upper part of the outer taper section (1, Figure 7-2). The lower part of the outer head has a tapered alignment support section with a straight threaded periphery of 32 threads per inch preceding it, which fits into a similar internal tapered alignment support section and threaded section in the upper part of the outer taper section.

A mixture of litharge and glycerin is used over the threads to maintain an internal gas and external water seal, thus establishing a permanent joint between the outer, head and upper part of the outer taper section.

The outer head flange is machined at an angle of 17 degrees 30', with a recess seat to carry a sealing rubber gasket (7) under a head window (1). Above the head window an additional sealing rubber gasket (9) adheres directly to the beveled edge of the head window and beveled seat in the head window bezel frame (5).

 

Figure 7-1. Outer head, head window, and range
window assemblies.
Figure 7-1. Outer head, head window, and range window assemblies.

The outer head flange has 14 proportionately spaced tapped holes for retaining the head window bezel frame (5) by means of 14 lockscrews (10) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the head window bezel frame and screwed into tapped holes in the outer head flange.

Below the head window flange provision, a machined range window flange and recess seat is provided to carry a sealing rubber gasket (6) under a range window (2). Above the range window an additional sealing rubber gasket (8) adheres directly to the beveled edge of the range window and the beveled seat in the range window bezel frame (4).

 
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The range window flange provision has 28 proportionately spaced tapped holes for retaining the range window bezel frame (4) by means of 28 lockscrews (11) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the range window bezel frame and screwed into tapped holes in the range window flange.

The interior surface of the outer head is provided with ample clearance for light transmission, prism tilt mechanism, and change of power mechanism of the skeleton head and antenna array assemblies for transmission of the ultra-high frequencies of the electronic device.

b. Head window bezel frame and head window. 1. Head window bezel frame. The head window bezel frame (5) is made of phosphor bronze and is 5 7/32 inches in length. Its lower face has a machined irregular recess to fit on the head window (1) which has a 45 degrees angle. The 45 degrees angle of the beveled recess accommodates the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9), which compresses to the angle of the head window (1) to form an air tight joint.

The outer flange of this bezel frame has 14 proportionately spaced countersunk clearance holes to accommodate the lockscrews (3). These lockscrews extend beyond the above countersunk clearance holes and are screwed into tapped holes in the outer head flange for the head window assembly. The upper side face of the bezel frame follows the same pattern as its sides, while the lower side is beveled inward at an angle of 17 degrees 30', thus providing ample clearance for the range window, bezel frame (4) directly below it.

The inner irregular circumference of the bezel frame is beveled at an angle of 45 degrees away from the line of contact with the glass to increase the effect of wind in clearing drops of water from the glass and to reduce the lodgement of water and deposits of salt by evaporation oil the glass near the inner circumference.

2. Head window. The head window (1) is made of one crown optical glass element with parallel surfaces, and rests in the recess seat in the outer head on a seat gasket (7). It is molded with a 45 degrees angle edge to which a bezel frame rubber gasket (9) is applied. It

  provides a means of sealing without obstructing the entering light rays, and offers a transparent medium through which light is transmitted.

c. Range window bezel frame and range window. 1. Range window bezel frame. The range window bezel frame (4) is made of phosphor bronze and is 9.675 inches in length. Its lower face has a machined irregular recess to fit on the range window (2) which has a 45 degrees angle. The 45 degrees angle of the beveled recess accommodates the range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8), which compresses to the angle of the range window (2) to form an air tight joint.

The outer flange of this bezel frame has 28 proportionately spaced countersunk clearance holes to accommodate lockscrews (11). These lockscrews extend beyond the above countersunk clearance holes, and are screwed into tapped holes in the outer head flange for the range window assembly. The upper and lower side faces follow the same pattern as its sides, with all corners rounded.

The inner irregular circumference of the bezel frame is beveled at an angle of 45 degrees away from the line of contact with the glass, for the same purpose as that described for the head window bezel frame (5).

2. Range window. The range window (2) is made of No. 774 Corning glass with parallel surfaces. It is 0.630 inch thick with an accuracy of 0.002 inch, and fits into the recess seat in the range window assembly flange of the outer head on a seat gasket (6). It is molded with a 45 degrees angle edge to which a bezel frame rubber gasket (8) is applied. In some periscopes this window has been left in an unpolished condition to reduce reflection from sunlight.

The distance between the inner face of the range window and the antenna array must have a clearance of 0.612 inch plus or minus 0.031 inch. Any substitution for No. 774 Corning glass in the window will radically change performance, as likewise will any chipping of the silvered or copper plated surfaces.

d. Outer taper section. The outer taper section (1, Figure 7-2) is made of solid forged corrosion resisting steel material, and has an over-all length of 5 feet 9.500 inches. It forms

 
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Figure 7-2. Outer taper section and outer tube.
Figure 7-2. Outer taper section and outer tube.
the outer body to protect the five reduced tube sections. The assembly of its upper part of the outer head is described in Section 7c1-a on page 373.

The lower part of the outer taper section is provided with a tapered alignment support section with a straight threaded periphery of 12 threads per inch preceding it which fits into a similar internal tapered alignment support section and threaded section in the upper part of the outer tube (2). A mixture of litharge and glycerine is used over the threads to maintain an internal gas and external water seal, thus establishing a permanent joint between the outer taper section and the outer tube.

The inside diameter of the outer taper section does not vary from its calculated diameter at any point by plus 0.015 inch or minus 0.000 inch; and the bore of the taper is concentric within 0.005-inch finished machined.

e. Outer tube. The outer tube (2, Figure 7-2) is made of solid forged corrosion-resisting steel and has an over-all length of 29 feet 3.375 inches. It forms the outer body for the inner tube sections as shown in Figure 7-3. The upper part

  has an internal alignment support and threaded section, to receive the lower part of the outer taper section as a permanent joint.

The interior of the outer tube is bored, with the eccentric bearing flanges of the inner tube sections and their couplings having a sliding clearance. The external diameter, azimuth scale lines, and numerals are similar to the Type II periscope outer tube, except for the fact that the numerals start from 35 feet. The milled inside keyway, undercut groove, and ridge detail are also similar to the Type II periscope outer tube. The external threaded periphery has 16 right-hand threads per inch, whereas the Types II and III periscopes have 12 threads per inch.

7C2. Disassembly of the head and range window assemblies. The head window and range window assemblies are disassembled in the following manner:

1. Unscrew each of the 14 lockscrews (10) evenly, with several threads of each lockscrew remaining in the outer head flange face for the head window assembly (3).

 
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2. Unscrew each of the 28 lockscrews (11) evenly, with several threads of each lockscrew remaining in the outer head flange face for the range window assembly (3).

3. In order to break the seal of the head window (1) and range window (2) it is necessary to apply an internal nitrogen pressure of 15 to 30 pounds in the instrument. To apply an internal nitrogen pressure requires the blanking off of the lower part of the outer tube (2, Figure 7-2) with a suitable jig and fittings for a pressure gage and a charging line.

4. After both the head window (1) and range window (2) are broken free, release the internal gas pressure, and remove the jig.

5. Remove the 14 lockscrews (10), unscrewing them from the tapped holes in the outer head flange face for the head window assembly (3).

6. Remove the head window bezel frame (5), lifting it away from the flange face of the outer head.

7. Remove the head window (1) and the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9). The head window may stick to the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9) and the bezel frame (5). Remove the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9) and destroy it.

8. Remove the bead Window seat rubber gasket (7) from the recess seat in the outer head (3) and destroy it.

9. Remove the 28 lockscrews (11), unscrewing them from the tapped holes in the outer head flange face for the range window assembly (3).

10. Remove the range window bezel frame (4), lifting it away from the flange face of the outer head (3).

11. Remove the range window (2) and the range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8). The range window may stick to the range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8) and the bezel frame (4). Remove the range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8) and destroy it.

12. Remove the range window seat rubber gasket (6) from the recess seat in the outer head (3) and destroy it.

  7C3. Cleaning of the outer head, outer taper section, and outer tube. The outer head, outer taper section, and outer tube are cleaned in the following manner:

1. They should be cleaned after flooding with the use of various sized circular wire brushes and turkish toweling to remove salt deposits. They should then be blown out with filtered air.

2. Under normal conditions, turkish toweling should be used to clean out the outer head, outer taper section, and outer tube.

3. Place a canvas boot over both the outer head and the lower end of the outer tube to prevent any foreign matter from entering the cleaned outer tube, outer taper section, and outer head.

7C4. Reassembly of the head and range window assemblies. The head and range window assemblies are reassembled in the following manner.

1. Scrape the seat of the outer head for the head window if necessary, to give a true bearing surface. The head window (1) must be marked in the position its seat is scraped so that it cannot be turned end for end.

2. Place the new head window seat rubber gasket (7) of crude rubber and specified factory drawing dimensions for its insertion in the head window seat in the outer head (3).

3. The beveled seat in the head window bezel frame (5) should be scraped if necessary, to provide a true bearing surface in conjunction with, the beveled edge of the head window (1).

4. Clean the liner surface of the head window (1) with clean lens tissue and use a small air bulb to blow off any surface dust.

5. Place the head window (1) in the head window seat in the outer head (3) on the head window seat rubber gasket (7).

6. The head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9) should be approximately 1/8 inch larger than the head window outer irregular circumference, except to comply to factory drawing dimensions as to thickness. It is placed in the head window bezel frame (5) in one solid piece. Punch a small hole in the center of

 
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the rubber gasket to allow the tapped air to escape.

7. Place the head window bezel frame (5) with the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9) on the head window (1). Insert the four lockscrews (10) in countersunk clearance holes in the bezel frame and screw them in the tapped holes in the flange face of the outer head. Each lockscrew is screwed down flush with the head window bezel frame.

8. A flat wooden block 1 inch thick and slightly smaller than the inner circumference of the head window bezel frame (5) is placed on the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9). Place a C-clamp over the wooden block and the outer head to flatten the raised center portion of the rubber gasket. Use a wooden wedge on the opposite side of the outer head to tighten the C-clamp evenly. The flattening of the rubber gasket forces its outer edges to adhere to the inner beveled walls in the head window bezel frame (5), and utilizes the entire area of the beveled surface in the bezel frame to maintain the seal.

9. Lubricate the 14 lockscrews (10) lightly with a medium grease before insertion and tighten them evenly. Each lockscrew is taken down equally in a series of all around adjustments, and a feeler gage is used as a check around the head window bezel frame (5). The bezel frame is tightened down to a snug setting of all lockscrews about 0.040. inch. It is desirable to maintain a .0.007-inch to 0.010-inch clearance between the bottom face of the head window bezel frame (5) and the flange face of the outer head (3). Remove the C-clamp and wooden block.

10. It is desirable to wet the head window bezel frame rubber gasket (9) thereby offering a lubricant for a brass knife edge when cutting the crude rubber gasket around the inner irregular circumference of the head window bezel frame (5). The brass knife edge will not scratch the head window surface.

11. Scrape the range window seat in the outer head (3), if necessary, to give a true bearing surface. The range window (2) must be marked in the position its seat is scraped so that it cannot be turned end for end.

  12. Insert the new range window seat rubber gasket (6) of crude or synthetic rubber of specified factory drawing dimensions in the range window seat in the outer head (3).

13. The beveled seat in the range window bezel frame (4) should be scraped if necessary, to provide a true bearing surface in conjunction with the beveled edge on the range window (2).

14. Clean the inner surface of the range window (2) in the same manner as described for the head window (1) under Step 4 of this section. The range window should be silvered and copper plated on three surfaces; namely, the beveled edge, the outer irregular circumference, and the bottom face in contact with the seat gasket. The silvered and copper plating of the range window wherever it contacts the metal seat of the outer head eliminates the possibility of a fluctuation in the standing wave ratio of the antenna system, should water become lodged between the window and its seat in the outer head. However, its most important function is to insure that there is no RF leakage through the crack between the range window bezel frame (4) and the range window seat in the outer head (3).

15. Place the range window (2) in the range window seat in the outer head (5) on the range window seat rubber gasket (6).

16. The range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8) should be of specified factory drawing dimensions as to thickness. It should be approximately 1 3/16 inch larger than the range window outer irregular circumference. It is placed in the range window bezel frame (4) in one solid piece. Punch two 3/16-inch holes in the rubber gasket to allow trapped air to escape.

17. Place the range window bezel frame (4) with the range window bezel frame rubber gasket (8) on the range window (2). Insert six lockscrews (11) in countersunk clearance holes in the bezel frame and screw them in the tapped holes in the flange of the outer head. Each lockscrew is screwed down flush with the range window bezel frame.

18. A flat wooden block 1 inch thick and slightly smaller than the inner irregular circumference of the range window bezel frame (4) is placed on the range window bezel rubber

 
377

gasket (8). A C-clamp is placed over the wooden block and the outer head to flatten the raised center portion of the rubber gasket. The flattening of the rubber gasket confines its, outer edges to adhere to the inner beveled walls in the range window bezel frame, and utilizes the entire area of the beveled surface in the range window bezel frame (4) to maintain the seal.

19. Lubricate the threads of the 28 lockscrews (11) lightly with a medium grease before insertion and tighten them evenly. Each lockscrew is taken down in a series of all around adjustments, and a feeler gage is used as a check around the range window bezel frame (4) to determine whether it is tightened down evenly. The range window bezel frame is tightened down to a snug setting of all lockscrews about 0.030 to 0.035 inch with crude rubber. With a synthetic rubber gasket, the bezel frame is tightened from an even all around snug setting of all lockscrews to about 0.025 to 0.027-inch. After a hydraulic and temperature test, this type of rubber gasket will require a further tightening of all lockscrews (11) about 3/4 to a full turn. However, this condition does not exist with crude rubber.

20. It is not desirable to wet the range window rubber gasket while using synthetic rubber material; however, it is desirable to wet the crude rubber gasket. This offers a lubricant for a brass knife edge when cutting the rubber gasket around the inner irregular circumference of the range window bezel frame (4). The brass blade will not scratch the range window surface.

21. If the outer surface of the range window has been polished and the window has not been painted, a thin coat of black aircraft enamel, type AL-E-7, should be applied by spraying. This is to reduce specular reflection of the sun from the window. IMPORTANT: Use only the paint designated. Any other paint will

  seriously impair the efficiency of attached electronic apparatus.

7C5. Inner tube assemblies. Figure 7-3 shows the inner tube of the periscope divided into telescope systems. Each telescope system is made up of assemblies as follows:

A. Galilean telescope system.
1. Skeleton head assembly.
2. Antenna array and taper section assembly,

B. Upper main telescope system.
1. Part I. First, second, third, fourth, and fifth reduced tube sections and seventh and eighth inner tube sections.
2. Part II. Fourth, fifth, and sixth inner tube sections.

C. Lower main telescope system.
1. Part I. First, second, and third inner tube sections.
2. Part II. Eyepiece skeleton assembly.

a. Part II. Eyepiece box and miscellaneous assemblies.
b. " " Four packing gland assemblies.
c. " " Eyepiece window assembly.
d. " " Bottom plug assembly.
e. " " Focusing knob assembly.
f. " " Rayfilter housing and plate assembly.
g. " " Rayfilter, eyebuffer, blinder, and stowage case assemblies.
h. " " Variable density polaroid filter assembly.
i. " " Training handle assemblies.
j. " " Hoisting yoke assembly (electric and hydraulic).
 
D. SEPARATION OF THE THREE TELESCOPE SYSTEMS
 
7D1. Removal of external projections, miscellaneous assemblies, and the eyepiece box. This procedure is performed in the following manner:

1. Remove the 12 bottom plug window housing lockscrews (7, Figure 7-17) from the bottom face in the bottom plug housing (1). These

  lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the counterbored seat in the eyepiece box base (11, Figure 7-12).

2. Attach a special square plate jig (Figure 7-4) to the face of the bottom plug clamp ring (2, Figure 7-17) with coinciding clearance

 
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holes to match four 8-32 tapped holes. Insert the four special 8-32 screws into the tapped holes in the bottom plug clamp ring, securing the special square plate jig.

3. Tap the handle part of the special square plate jig, thereby loosening and pulling out the bottom plug assembly from the counterbored recess seat in the eyepiece box base. Remove the bottom plug housing rubber gasket (3, Figure 7-17), and destroy it.

4. Remove the 10 pressure gage assembly lockscrews (18, Figure 7-12), removing the pressure gage assembly (10).

5. Remove the four short and eight long eyepiece window frame lockscrews (2, and 3, Figure 4-38) removing the eyepiece window assembly.

6. Remove the eyepiece lens mount (78, Figure 7-11) with the eyepiece lens (33) eyepiece lens clamp ring (15), and its lockscrew (70) from the eyepiece prism front retaining plate (22).

7. Remove the six lockscrews (10, Figure 7-15) from the left training handle stuffing box body (7). Place the special packing gland wrench on the square section of the training handle actuating shaft (8), using a slight sideward thrust to remove the left training handle packing gland assembly. Remove the training handle stuffing box rubber gasket (3). 8. Remove the six 1ockscrews (10, Figure 7-16) from the right training handle stuffing box body (7). Remove the right training handle packing gland assembly in the same manner as noted in Step 7 for the left training handle packing gland assembly.

9. Remove the six lockscrews (10, Figure 7-14) from the eyepiece drive stuffing box body (8). Remove the eyepiece drive packing gland assembly in the same manner as noted in Step 7 for the left training handle packing, gland assembly. Remove the eyepiece drive stuffing box body rubber gasket (3).

10. Remove the four rayfilter drive stuffing box body lockscrews (11, Figure 7-13) from the rayfilter drive stuffing box body (6). Remove the rayfilter drive actuating gear (9) from the square section of the rayfilter drive actuating shaft (8).

  Place a pair of parallel pliers on the square section of the rayfilter drive actuating shaft (8) using a slight sideward thrust to remove the rayfilter drive packing gland assembly. Remove the rayfilter drive stuffing box body rubber gasket (3).

11. Remove the seven lockscrews (40, Figure 7-11) from the large flange of the eyepiece skeleton (42). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper face of the eyepiece box.

12. Remove the eyepiece box (11, Figure 7-12) from the eyepiece skeleton (42, Figure 7-11), sliding it off the eyepiece skeleton.

7D2. Removal of the waveguide and air line sections. This procedure is performed in the following manner:

1. Remove the two antenna array end plate bracket lockscrews (49, Figure 7-5) from the antenna array end plate bracket (64). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the front face of the skeleton head (10).

2. Remove the two antenna array taper section bracket lockscrews (54) from the antenna array taper section bracket (66). These lock

Figure 7-4. Bottom plug assembly removal jig.
Figure 7-4. Bottom plug assembly removal jig.

 
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screws are unscrewed from tapped holes in the front face of the skeleton head. Remove the antenna array taper section bracket.

3. Release the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw lock nuts (75, Figure 7-6) and two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (74) to release the tension of the wave guide clamp plates (71) from the waveguide section continuation (65). These adjustment screws extend into tapped holes in the waveguide clamp bracket (73) attached to the eighth inner tube section lower end (60).

4. Release the four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw lock nuts (14, Figure 7-7) and the four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (13). This releases the tension of the two waveguide clamp plates (10) from the waveguide section continuation (5). These adjustment screws extend into two tapped holes in each waveguide clamp bracket (12) attached to the sixth inner tube section (1) upper and lower ends.

5. Follow the procedure stated in Step 4, for the fifth inner tube section (19). Two waveguide clamp brackets, (30) are located at its upper and lower ends. These consist of the four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts (32), four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (31), and the, two waveguide clamp plates (28) for the waveguide section continuation (23).

6. Follow the procedure stated in Step 4 for the fourth inner tube section (37). Two waveguide clamp brackets (49) are located at its up and lower ends. These consist of the four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts, (51), four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (50), and the two waveguide clamp plates (47) for the waveguide section continuation (41)

7. Follows the procedure stated in Step 4 for the second inner tube section (14, Figure 7-10) waveguide clamp bracket (25), located at its upper end only. This consists of the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw lock nuts (27), two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (26), and the two waveguide clamp plate (23) for the waveguide section continuation (19).

  8. Remove the antenna array, taper section, and waveguide to an isolated place where damage is not likely to occur.

9. Remove the waveguide clamp plate (71, Figure 7-6) and its pins (72) from the waveguide clamp bracket (73) of the eighth inner tube section (60) located at its lower end.

10. Remove the two waveguide clamp plates (10, Figure 7-7) and their pins (11) from the two waveguide clamp brackets (12) of the sixth inner tube section (1) located at its upper and lower ends.

11. Remove the two waveguide clamp plates (28) and their pins (29) from the two waveguide clamp brackets (30) of the fifth inner tube section (19) located at its upper and lower ends.

12. Remove the two waveguide clamp plates (47) and their pins (48) from the waveguide clamp brackets (49) of the fourth inner tube section (37) located at its upper and lower ends.

13. Remove the waveguide clamp plate (23, Figure 7-10) and its pins (24) from the waveguide clamp bracket (25) of the second inner tube section (14), located at its upper end only.

14. Slide the lower air line section continuations (13, 29, and 39) with the soldered air line coupling (40), through a clearance hole in and below the bottom face of the eyepiece skeleton large shoulder flange. It is carried downward sufficiently to break the air line coupling (35, Figure 7-7) joint with the center air line section continuation (34). After breaking the air line coupling joint, the lower air line section I(34) is slid upward and carried out at the disconnection point which is located in the lower part of the fifth inner tube section (19). It is carried out of the eyepiece skeleton large shoulder flange, through a clearance provision in the counterweight half (37, Figure 7-11). It is further carried through one soldered air line strap (28, Figure 7-10) located on the second inner tube section (14), four soldered air line straps (52, Figure 7-7) located on the fourth inner tube section (37), and one soldered air line strap (33) located on the fifth inner tube section (19).

15. Remove the center air line section (16) and its continuation (34) with a soldered air

 
380

line coupling (17) at its upper end and another air line coupling (35) at its lower end. Slide the center air line section and its continuation downward out of three soldered air line straps (15) of the sixth inner tube section (1) and three soldered air line straps (33) of the fifth inner tube section (19). The center air line section disconnection point is located at the lower part of the fifth inner tube section.

16. Remove the upper air line section (19, Figure 7-6) and its continuations (27, 41, 50, 59, 77, 90, and 16, Figure 7-7) from the skeleton head (20, Figure 7-5), sliding it downward for its disconnection from the skeleton head. It is carried out of clearance holes in flanges of the reduced tube sections and the reducing coupling. It is further carried out of two soldered air line straps (76, Figure 7-6) on the eighth inner tube section (60) and one soldered air line strap (15, Figure 7-7), on the sixth inner tube section (1). The upper air line section disconnection point is located at the upper part of the sixth inner tube section.

7D3. Separation of the Galilean telescope system and fifth reduced tube section. This procedure is performed in the following manner:

1. Separate the Galilean telescope system which is located in the skeleton head assembly (Figure 7-5) from the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section (I, Figure 7-6) in the following manner:

2. Remove the three lockscrews (42, Figure 7-5) from the left cube shifting rack (36), removing the upper end of left power shifting wire tape (35, Figure 7-11). Replace the clamp block (26, Figure 7-5) on the left tape spacer (27) and insert the lockscrews (42), screwing them into the tapped holes in the left cube shifting rack.

3. Remove the three lockscrews (43) from the right cube shifting rack (34), removing the upper end of the right power shifting wire tape (35, Figure 7-11). Replace the clamp block (26, Figure 7-5) on the right tape spacer (28) and insert the lockscrew (43) screwing them into the tapped holes in the right cube shifting rack.

4. Release the shifting wire clamp nuts (3, Figure 7-11) of both shifting wire spindle assemblies of the eyepiece skeleton assembly.

  Pull upward and out on both phosphor-bronze wire extensions from the shifting wire spindle assemblies. Pull both lengths of the power shifting wire tape from various soldered tape straps on the inner tube sections. Roll up each power shifting tape separately in a 15-inch circle, and secure together at three equal places with friction tape.

5. Elevate the head prism (1, Figure 7-5) to full elevation, which places the quadruple screw follower (3, Figure 7-6) in a suitable position, so that the head prism actuating rack (65, Figure 7-5) with its inserted dowel pins (56) has sufficient clearance for its removal from the quadruple screw follower (3, Figure 7-6). Check the position of the quadruple screw follower (3) on the quadruple screw shaft (16) so that it will be replaced in this identical position for reassembly. Remove the three lockscrews (41, Figure 7-5) from the head prism actuating rack (65). These lockscrews ate unscrewed from tapped holes in the quadruple screw follower (3, Figure 7-6).

6. Support the skeleton head assembly (Figure 7-5), while removing the six lockscrews (10, Figure 7-6) from the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the base of the skeleton head.

7. Remove the skeleton head assembly (Figure 7-5) from the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1, Figure 7-6). As the skeleton head reamed alignment dowel pin hole clears the alignment dowel pin (15) projection of the fifth reduced tube section, the head prism is shifted to full depression. This is accomplished in fact, by having the head prism actuating rack (65, Figure 7-5) and dowel pins (56) engaged in the reamed holes in the quadruple screw follower (3, Figure 7-6). It is necessary to force the head prism actuating rack with its dowel pins free of the quadruple screw follower reamed holes (3). The skeleton head assembly is now free for removal from the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section. Remove the skeleton head assembly from the fifth reduced tube section and place it to one side to prevent it from becoming damaged.

8. It is necessary to remove the skeleton head from the fifth reduced tube section, and the fifth

 
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reduced tube section from the fourth, to provide sufficient clearance for disassembly of the head prism drive shaft sections and their universal couplings.

9. Remove the head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pin (26) from the lower part of the head prism drive universal coupling (23) and the head prism drive shaft section (21) of the fourth reduced tube section (20).

10. Separate the fifth reduced tube section lower flange (1) from the fourth reduced tube section upper flange (20) by removing the six lockscrews (10) from the lower flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1). Unscrew these lockscrews from tapped holes in the upper flange of the fourth reduced tube section. The lower part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) slides off the undercut part of the head prism drive shaft section (21) as the fifth reduced tube section is removed. Remove the assembled fifth reduced tube section from the fourth reduced tube section.

7D4. Removal of the head prism drive shaft sections and their universal couplings. This procedure is performed in the following manner:

1. Remove the head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pin (56, Figure 7-6), from the lower part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (54) of the first inner tube section (51) and the head prism drive shaft section (61) of the eighth inner tube section (60).

2. Remove the assembled head prism drive shaft, consisting of the head prism drive shaft section (21) and its shaft continuation (30) with an attached spherical bushing (49), head prism drive shaft universal coupling (45), head prism drive shaft section (43) with an attached spherical bushing (58), its shaft continuation (52), and the attached head prism drive shaft universal coupling (54), by carrying the above assembly upward. The upward movement of this assembly clears the stub section of the head prism drive shaft section (61) from the lower part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (54) at the lower end of the first reduced tube section (51). The assembly is then carried downward out of the clearance holes in the fourth, third, second, and first reduced tube section flanges

  at the disconnection point located in the lower part of the first reduced tube section (51).

3. Remove the head prism drive shaft universal taper pin (36, Figure 7-10) from the upper part of the head prism drive universal coupling (34) and the stub section of the head prism drive shaft section continuation (15) and slide this shaft continuation upward sufficiently to clear the coupling.

4. Remove the head prism drive shaft section (33) and its continuation (48, Figure 7-11), sliding it upward to free it from the upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (59), carrying with it the inserted woodruff key (46). Check the position of the coupling for proper reassembly. Remove the shaft from the disconnection point located at the upper end of the first inner tube section (31, Figure 7-10) sliding it out of the elongated holes in the large and small flanges of the eyepiece skeleton and the clearance holes in the first inner tube section lower flange, carrying with it the assembled head prism drive shaft universal coupling (34).

5. Remove the head prism drive shaft section continuations (15 and 4, Figure 7-10) and its continuations (38, 20, and 2, Figure 7-7) of the head prism drive shaft section (61, Figure 7-6), from its disconnection point located at the upper part of the first inner tube section (31, Figure 7-10). The shaft section is carried downward from various clearance holes in the coupling flanges, and the head prism drive shaft guides which are attached to or part of the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth inner tube sections. The head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators are removed from the head prism drive shaft section and its continuations W the eighth, sixth, fifth, fourth, and second infer tube sections. This shaft and its continuations can also be carried upward from the first reduced tube section (51) by the inverse method.

7D5. Separation of the upper telescope system Part I from Part II. This consists of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth reduced tube sections and the seventh and eighth inner tube sections.

1. Remove the 24 lockscrews (87, Figure 7-6), from the lower part of the seventh inner

 
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tube section (79) and the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4, Figure 7-7). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling.

2. Remove the seventh inner tube section (79, Figure 7-6), carrying it off the upper alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4, Figure 7-7).

7D6. Separation of the upper telescope system Part If from the lower telescope system Part I. This consists of the fourth, fifth, and sixth inner tube sections.

1. Remove the 24 lockscrews (10, Figure 7-10) from the upper part of the third inner tube section (1) and the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40, Figure 7-7). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section

  of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling.

2. Remove the fourth inner tube section (37) carrying with it the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40) from the upper part of the third inner tube section (1, Figure 7-10).

7D7. Separation of the lower telescope system Part I from the lower telescope system Part II, eyepiece skeleton assembly. This consists of the first, second, and third inner tube sections.

1. Remove the seven lockscrews (40, Figure 7-11) from the small flange of the eyepiece skeleton (42). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower flange of the first inner tube section (31, Figure 7-10). Remove the eyepiece skeleton assembly (Figure 7-11) from the lower flange and alignment support section of the first inner tube section (31, Figure 7-10).

 
E. GALILEAN TELESCOPE SYSTEM
 
7E9. Description of the skeleton head and antenna array assemblies as shown on Figure 7-5. All bubble numbers in Sections 7E1, 2, and 3, refer to Figure 7-5 unless otherwise specified.

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
1 P-1475-3 1 Head Prism
2 P-1475-4 1 Galilean eyepiece lens
3 P-1475-5 1 Galilean objective lens
4 P-1476-1 1 Galilean eyepiece lens cube
5 P-1476-2 1 Galilean objective lens cube
6 P-1476-3 1 Galilean eyepiece lens mount, housing
7 P-1476-4 1 Galilean eyepiece lens mount
8 P-1476-5 1 Galilean objective lens retainer
9 P-1476-6 3 Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing lockscrews
10 P-1441-1 1 Skeleton head
11 P-1478-1 1 Head prism mount
12 P-1478-2 1 Field prism mount lever
13 P-1478-4 2 Galilean eyepiece objective lens cube brackets (power shift side)
14 P-1478-5 1 Galilean objective lens cube bracket (prism shift side)
15 P-1478-6 1 Power shift gear bracket
16 P-1478-7 1 Head prism actuating link
 
Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
17 P-1478-8 2 Link connecting shaft bushings
18 P-1478-9 2 Link connecting shafts
19 P-1478-10 1 Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket (prism shift side)
20 P-1491-2 1 Head prism shade
21 P-1491-2A 2 Head prism shade rivets
22 P-1491-3 2 Head prism shade wire links
23 P-1491-4 1 Head prism side plate (left)
24 P-1491-4A 2 Head prism side plate rivets
25 P-1491-5 1 Head prism side plate (right)
26 P-1491-6 2 Clamp blocks
27 P-1491-7 1 Left tape spacer
28 P-1491-8 1 Might tape spacer
29 P-1491-10 2 Head prism mount pivot shaft bushings
30 P-1492-1 2 Power shift pawls
31 P-1492-2 2 Pawl holders
32 P-1492-2A 4 Pawl holders and pawl rivets
33 P-1492-3 1 Reinforcing spring
34 P-1492-4 1 Cube shifting rack (right)
35 P-1492-5 1 Power shift gear
36 P-1492-6 1 Cube shifting rack (left)
37 P-1493-1 1 Head prism mount pivot shaft
38 P-1493-2 2 Head prism mounting clamps (left)
 
383

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
39 P-1493-3 2 Head prism mounting clamps (right)
40 P-1506-1 6 Bracket lockscrews (power shift side)
41 P-1506-4 3 Quadruple screw follower and head prism actuating rack lockscrews
42 P-1506-9 3 Clamp block and left tape spacer lockscrews
43 P-1506-10 3 Clamp block and right tape spacer lockscrews
44 P-1506-19 8 Head prism mounting clamp lockscrews
45 P-1506-20 2 Head prism mount pivot shaft lockscrews
46 P-1506-21 6 Head prism side plate lockscrews
47 P-1506-22 7 Pawl holder and reinforcing spring lockscrews
48 P-1506-31 2 Link connecting shaft lockscrews
49 P-1506-33 2 Antenna array end plate bracket lockscrews
50 P-1506-34 1 Galilean eyepiece lens mount lockscrew
51 P-1506-41 4 Galilean eyepiece lens and objective lens cube bracket lockscrews (prism shift side)
52 P-1506-48 2 Head prism actuating rack guide lockscrews (short)
53 P-1506-58 2 Head prism actuating rack guide lockscrews (long)
54 P-1506-60 2 Antenna array taper section bracket lockscrews
55 P-1506-10 1 Head prism mount lever taper pin
56 P-1506-116 2 Head prism actuating rack and quadruple screw, follower dowel pins
57 P-1506-117 2 Head prism mount and pivot shaft taper pins
58 P-1513-6 1 Head prism actuating rack guide
59 P-1513-7 1 Head prism actuating rack guide spacer
60 P-1516-1 1 2 Perforated antenna tubes
61 P-1516-2 2 Antenna tube taper pieces
62 P-1516-3 1 Antenna tube taper piece assembly
63 P-1516-4 1 Antenna array assembly
64 P-1516-5 1 Antenna array end plate bracket
65 P-1522-3 1 Head prism actuating rack
66 P-1522-5 1 Antenna array taper section bracket
67 P-1522-7 1 Head prism mount lever key
  The following brief description covers the skeleton head assembly:

a. Skeleton head frame. The skeleton head frame (10) forms the necessary framework to carry the prism tilt mechanism, Galilean telescope, and the change of power mechanism.

The prism tilt mechanism is composed of numerous mechanical parts in the upper and left side wall of the skeleton head to operate one optical element, the head prism (1).

b. Head prism. The head prism (1) is a right angle prism, made of dense flint optical glass material. It is used to reflect the light rays at right angles. The light rays enter from the horizontal and are deflected downward into the instrument. Light enters from 61 degrees elevation to 26 degrees depression in low power, and 49 degrees elevation to 14 degrees depression in high power.

c. Head prism mount. The head prism mount (11) carries the head prism (1) with a suitable clamping arrangement. Two head prism side plates left and right (23 and 25) restrict the head prism from sideward movement, and are held to the head prism mount with three lockscrews each (46). Each head, prism side plate has a head prism shade wire link (22) attached to it with a rivet (24). The opposite end of each wire link is attached to the head prism shade (20) in similar manner. Two pairs of head prism mounting clamps left and right (38 and 39) hold the head prism to its mount. Each pair of mounting clamps is held to the head prism mount with four lockscrews (44). The head prism mount is held in the skeleton head by means of a head prism mount pivot shaft (37) which is secured with two taper pins (57). The pivot shaft is secured in a bearing bracket projection looted under and a part of the head prism mount base. The pivot shaft rotates in two head prism mount pivot shaft bushings (29) inserted in opposite sides of the skeleton head (10).

d. Head prism shade. The head prism shade (20) by means of two wire links (22) moves vertically with the head prism and its mount by its insertion in opposite vertical grooves in the inner side walls of the skeleton head. It is carried with the head prism (1) and its mount for all degrees of elevation and

 
384

Figure 7-5. Skeleton head and antenna array assemblies.
Figure 7-5. Skeleton head and antenna array assemblies.
depression and shades the lower 90 degrees face of the head prism when in, the elevated position, thus preventing a double image.

e. Head, prism mount lever. The head prism mount lever (12) is attached to the head prism mount pivot shaft (37) with a key (67) and a taper pin (55) to operate the pivot shaft for the elevation and the depression of the head prism (1).

  f. Head prism actuating link. The head prism actuating link (16) fork section attaches to the head prism mount lever (12) by means of a link connecting shaft (18) and is secured with a lockscrew (48) at its upper part. The fork section of the lower part is attached to a head prism actuating rack (65) in similar manner. The above actuating link forms a linkage between the head prism mount lever and the
 
385

head prism actuating rack for actuation of the head prism.

g. Head prism actuating rack. The head prism actuating rack (65) is provided with two integral stops which contact a cube bracket (14) on each side, thus restricting the centerline of sight to 45 degrees elevation and 10 degrees depression. The lower part of this actuating rack is attached to a quadruple screw follower (3, Figure 7-6), by means of three lockscrews (41), and its alignment is maintained with two dowel pins (56). The actuating rack is attached to the head prism actuating link (16), by means of a link connecting shaft (18) inserted in the reamed hole in the fork section of the actuating link and the inserted bushing (17). It provides a further linkage with the actuating link for operation of the head prism mount lever (12).

h. Head prism actuating rack guide. The head prism actuating rack guide (58) has a recess slot to fit over the head prism actuating rack (65) on a head prism actuating rack guide spacer (59) and is secured to the skeleton head frame with two short and long lockscrews (52 and 53). The actuating rack guide provides a guidance for the head prism actuating rack (65).

i. Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket. The Galilean (eyepiece lens cube bracket (19) has an integral pin projection, which serves as a pivot for the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4) on the prism shift side. A stop is provided in its inner face to allow the cube bracket to fit over the head prism actuating link (16), thus providing a parallel guidance to the actuating link. The cube bracket is secured the skeleton head fame with two lockscrews (51).

j. Galilean objective lens cube bracket. The Galilean objective lens cube bracket (14) has an integral pin projection and serves as a pivot for the Galilean objective lens cube (5) on the prism shift side. A recess slot is provided in its inner face to fit over the head prism actuating rack (65). The cube bracket is secured to the skeleton head frame with two lockscrews (51) and provides a parallel guidance to the head prism actuating rack. It also serves as a stop in its upper and lower parts for the integral stops of the head prism actuating rack for elevation and depression of the head prism (1).

  The Galilean telescope system is composed of two lenses; namely, a negative Galilean eyepiece lens doublet and a positive Galilean objective lens doublet. It is used in reverse to effect a low power magnification and increase the true field of view.

k. Galilean eyepiece lens. The Galilean eyepiece lens (2) is made of two optical elements. It consists of a divergent meniscus flint element, cemented to the equi-concave crown element, forming a negative doublet. It is mounted in a Galilean eyepiece lens mount (7) in similar manner to the Type II and III periscope with the threaded periphery of the mount moving vertically in the internal threads in the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6). This vertical movement provides a means for elimination of parallax.

1. Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing. The Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6) is provided with an internal threaded section bore to carry the Galilean eyepiece lens mount (7) and the Galilean eyepiece lens (2). A lockscrew (50) inserted in a tapped hole in this housing secures the Galilean eyepiece lens mount after the parallax elimination. The housing is attached to the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4) with three lockscrews (9). The housing flange has three equally spaced holes. One hole is used as a pivot hole, while the other two are elongated for collimation adjustment.

m. Galilean eyepiece lens cube. The Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4) provides a means for holding the Galilean eyepiece lens mount (7) and its housing (6). By means of integral pin projections, a part of the cube brackets (19 and 13) inserted in the reamed hole axis of this cube, the eyepiece lens cube can be rotated 90 degrees for either the IN or OUT position. The pawl holder (30) engaged in the V-grooves in the right side face of the cube, by the tension of a reinforcing spring (33), retains it in either the IN or OUT position. An elongated slot in the right side face of the cube receives an upper pin projection (68) assembled in the right cube shifting rack (34) for its actuation.

n. Galilean objective lens. The Galilean objective lens (3) is made of two optical elements.

 
386

It consists of a double convex flint element cemented to a double concave flint element forming a positive objective doublet. It is mounted in a shallow counterbored section in the Galilean objective lens cube (5) and is secured with a Galilean objective lens retainer (8). The lens retainer is spot soldered to the Galilean objective lens cube to prevent it from unscrewing.

o. Galilean objective lens cube. The Galilean objective lens cube (5) provides a means for holding the Galilean objective lens (3) in a shallow counterbored section. The outer shoulder has a threaded periphery to carry the Galilean objective lens retainer (8). By means of integral pin projections, a part of the cube brackets (14 and 13) inserted in the reamed hole axis in the cube, the objective lens cube can be rotated 90 degrees for either the IN or OUT position. The pawl holder (30) engaged in the V-grooves in the right side face of the cube retains it in either the IN or OUT position by the tension of the reinforcing spring (33). An elongated slot in the right side face of the cube receives a lower pin projection (68) assembled in the right cube shifting rack (34) for its actuation.

The change of power mechanism is located on the right side of the skeleton head frame.

p. Cube shifting racks. The tube shifting racks right and left 36) operate in vertical recess grooves in the right side wall of the skeleton head. The right cube shifting rack (34) has two assembled pin projections (68) which extend through the two elongated slots in the vertical recess groove in the right side wall of the skeleton head. The pin projections are riveted to the right cube shifting rack, and after extending through the two elongated slots, extend farther into the elongated slots in the right side faces of the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cubes (4 and 5). An integral stop is provided on each rack to contact the Galilean objective lens cube bracket (13) at the IN and OUT positions.

q. Power shifts gear. The power shift gear (35) fits between the gear teeth cut in the right and left cube shifting racks (34 and 35). The power shift gear carries the right cube shifting rack (34) to the upward position as the left cube

  shifting rack (36) is carried downward and vice versa. It pivots on the integral pin projection of the power shift gear bracket (15).

r. Power shift pawls. The two power shift pawls (30) are attached to the pawl holders (31) with two rivets each (32) and are secured in a vertical recess groove in the side wall of the skeleton head to the left of the left cube shifting rack (36). Each pawl holder is secured in the recess groove with two lockscrews (47). The detent section of each pawl holder extends into its individual axial slot located in this vertical recess groove to engage in their respective V-grooves in each Galilean eyepiece lens and objective lens cube (4 and 5). A reinforcing spring (33) is placed over each power shift pawl (30), and is secured into the center of the recess groove with three lockscrews (47). The reinforcing spring overlapping each power shift pawl section of the pawl holder places a constant tension on the power shift pawls, for their retention in the V-grooves.

s. Galilean eyepiece and objective lens cube brackets. The Galilean eyepiece and objective lens cube brackets (power shift side) (13) are of duplicate design. Each bracket has an integral pin projection, which serves as a pivot for the pivot hole axis in the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cubes (4 and 5) on the power shift side. Both cube brackets fit over the cube shifting racks (34 and 36) and power shift pawls and retaining spring. These brackets are secured to the flat section of the skeleton head frame with two lockscrews each (40). The Galilean objective lens cube bracket serves as a stop for the cube shifting racks (34 and 36) for the IN and OUT position of the cubes.

The Galilean telescope system in the IN position has the Galilean eyepiece and objective lenses located at the upper part of their respective cubes. When in the OUT position, both lenses are located in the rear of the skeleton head frame.

The skeleton head assembly is attached to the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1, Figure 7-6) by means of a shallow counterbored alignment support section fitting on the alignment support section shoulder of the fifth reduced tube section upper flange.

 
387

The skeleton head lower face is provided with six tapped holes, one reamed dowel pin hole, and an air line clearance hole. The reamed dowel pin hole receives the dowel pin (15) secured in the upper flange face of the fifth reduced tube section to reestablish the factory alignment upon disassembly. The six tapped holes receive the lockscrews (10) inserted in clearance holes in the fifth reduced tube section upper flange for the securement of the skeleton head assembly. The air line clearance hole coincides with a clearance hole in the upper flange of the fifth reduced tube section for the insertion of the upper end of the upper air line section (19) for the introduction of nitrogen.

t. Taper section. The taper section (62) consists of two sections of waveguide tubing (61) which are silver soldered together.

u. Antenna array assembly. The antenna array assembly (63) consists of three parts: 1) end plate bracket (64), 2) perforated antenna tubes (60), and 3) taper section assembly (62). All three parts are silver soldered together to form the antenna array assembly. The taper section (62) is silver soldered to the waveguide section (7, Figure 7-6). This assembly is secured to the skeleton head in a recess seat of similar construction milled in the front face of the skeleton head. It is secured as before mentioned in its upper and lower parts.

1. Antenna array end plate bracket. The antenna array end plate bracket (64) consists of a rectangular plate with a small rectangular projecting section. The plate section is silver soldered to the upper end of the assembled perforated antenna tubes (60). The rectangular projector extending upward is provided with two clearance holes for the insertion of the lockscrews (49). These lockscrews, when inserted, extend into tapped holes in the antenna array milled recess in the skeleton head for the securement of the upper end of the antenna array (63).

2. Perforated antenna tubes. A The two perforated sections of waveguide tubing (60) consist of two sections of waveguide tubing with six staggered rectangular perforations located in each outer face. Both sections are silver soldered together.

  3. Antenna array taper section bracket. The antenna array taper section bracket (64) is bent to conform to the taper section assembly (62) for the securement of the lower end of the antenna array (63) to the skeleton head. This bracket has opposite overlapping sections, each provided with a clearance hole for the insertion of lockscrews (54). These lockscrews extend into tapped holes in the front face of the skeleton head.

7E2. Disassembly. The skeleton head assembly is disassembled in the following manner:

1. Move the cube shifting racks (34 and 36), shifting the Galilean telescope system in the OUT position. This allows the Galilean eyepiece lens (2), its mount (7), and the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6) to be removed. Remove the three lockscrews (9) from the flange section of the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6). These lockscrews are unscrewed from the tapped holes in the face of the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4). Scrape off the spot solder from the Galilean objective lens retainer (8) and the Galilean objective lens cube (5). Remove the Galilean objective lens (3). Release the lockscrews (50) and remove the Galilean eyepiece dens (2) and its mount (7), unscrewing it from the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6). Wrap the Galilean eyepiece lens, its mount, and the Galilean objective lens separately in clean lens tissue and place to one side to prevent scratches and breakage.

2. Remove the two short and long head prism actuating rack guide lockscrews (52 and 53). Remove the head prism actuating rack guide (58) and the head prism actuating rack guide spacer (59).

3. Remove the two Galilean objective lens cube bracket lockscrews (prism shift side) (51) from the } Galilean objective lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (14). Remove the Galilean objective lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (14).

4. Remove the two Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket lockscrews (prism shift side) (51). Remove the Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (19).

5. Shift the head prism (1) to full elevation, in order to insert a drift punch from the rear

 
388

side of the skeleton head (10). Drive out both the head prism mount and the head prism mount pivot shaft taper pins (57).

6. Shift the head prism to full depression and release the two head prism mount pivot shaft lockscrews (45).

7. Remove the complete assembly of the prism tilt mechanism which consists of the following from the skeleton head: head prism mount lever (12), head prism actuating link (16), link connecting shaft bushing (17), two link connecting shafts (18), head prism mount pivot shaft (37), two link connecting shaft lockscrews (48), head prism mount lever taper pin (55), head prism actuating rack (65), and the head prism mount lever key (67). The head prism mount pivot shaft (37) is carried out of the integral bearing brackets of the head prism mount and the opposite head prism mount pivot shaft bushings (29).

8. Remove the head prism mount assembly of the following: head prism (1), head prism mount (11), head prism shade (20), two head prism shade wire links (22), left and right head prism side plates (23 and 25), left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39), head prism mounting clamp lockscrews (44), and the six head prism side plate lockscrews (46). The head prism shade will slide out of its opposite axial recess grooves in the inner side walls of the skeleton head, carrying it out from the upper end.

9. The prism tilt mechanism is disassembled by following Steps 9 to 12 inclusive. Release two link connecting shaft lockscrews (48) and unscrew them from the tapped holes in both ends of the head prism actuating link (16). This allows both link connecting shafts (18) to be removed.

10. Place a drift punch in each tapped hole in the end of each link connecting shaft (18) for its removal as the shafts are a snug fit to prevent lost motion. The head prism actuating rack (65) is now free of its connection in the fork section of the head prism actuating link (16). The fork section of the head prism actuating link (16) is now freed of its connection with the head prism mount lever (12).

  11. Remove the taper pin (55) from the head prism mount lever (12) and the head prism mount pivot shaft (37).

12. Remove the head prism mount pivot shaft (37) by driving it from the head prism mount lever (12). The head prism mount lever key (67) remains in the head prism mount pivot shaft (37).

13. The head prism mount (11) and the head prism (1) are disassembled by following Steps 13 to 15 inclusive. Remove the two lockscrews (44) from the left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39) at the upper end of the head prism mount (11). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the head prism mount. Remove the head prism (1), sliding it upward to free it of the assembled lower left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39). Wrap clean lens tissue around the head prism and place it in a convenient place to prevent scratches and breakage.

14. Remove the three lockscrews (46) from the left and right head prism side plates (23 and 25), carrying with them the two head prism shade wire links (22) and the head prism shade (20). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in each side of the head prism mount (11).

15. The lower left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39) and their lockscrews (44) remain in place. This allows the head prism to be assembled into its original factory position.

16. Remove the four lockscrews (40) from the Galilean eyepiece and the objective lens cube brackets (power shift side) (13). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the right side wall of the skeleton head. Remove both cube brackets, raising each one equally as each bracket has an integral pin projection which extends into the skeleton head and each pivot hole axis in the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cubes (4 and 5).

17. Remove the two lockscrews (40) from the power shift gear bracket (15). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the right side wall of the power shift gear bracket and its integral pin projection.

 
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18. Remove the right and left cube shifting racks (34 and 36), carrying with them the left and right tape spacers (27 and 28) and the left and right tape spacer and clamp block lockscrews (42 and 43).

19. Remove the power shift gear (35).

20. Remove the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cubes (4 and 5) from the center of each opening in the skeleton head (10).

21. Remove the three lockscrews (47) from the reinforcing spring (33) and remove the reinforcing spring.

22. Remove the two lockscrews (47) from each pawl holder (31), removing the power shift pawls and the pawl holders (30 and 31). All lockscrews for Steps 21 and 22 are unscrewed from tapped holes in the enlarged recesses in this vertical recess groove in right side wall of the skeleton head. Precautions should be taken to replace the power shift pawls and the pawl holders to their original positions.

7E3. Reassembly. The skeleton head assembly is reassembled in the following manner:

1. Place the IN and OUT position power shift pawls (30) and pawl holders (31) in the vertical recess groove in the right side wall of the skeleton head. The power shift pawls (30) fit through the axial slots in the vertical recess groove and in the V-grooves in the cubes for the IN and OUT position. Secure each pawl holder (3-1) with two lockscrews (47) which extend into tapped holes in the recess seat in the vertical recess groove located in the right side wall of the skeleton head (10).

2. Place the reinforcing spring (33) over the power shift pawls (30), securing it with three lockscrews (47). These lockscrews extend into tapped holes in the recess seat in the vertical recess groove.

3. Place the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cubes (4 and 5) in the two center openings in the skeleton-head (10), with the V-groove of the cubes fitting into the power shift pawls (30) with the Galilean telescope system in the IN position,

4. Reassemble the cube shifting racks by following the procedure of Steps 4 and 5. Apply

  the right cube shifting rack (34), placing its assembled pin projections (68) through the axial slots in the recess groove and in the elongated slot in the right side wall in each cube.

5. Place the left cube shifting rack (36) in the center of the three vertical recess grooves in the right side wall of the skeleton head. The left cube shifting rack (36) also operates the power shift gear (35) meshing with the gear teeth of the cube shifting rack.

6. Reassemble the Galilean eyepiece lens and the objective lens cube brackets (13) oil the flat outer surface located on the right side wall of the skeleton head over the left and right cube shifting racks (34 and 36). Check reference marks for their proper assembly. Place the pin projection of each cube bracket in the reamed hole in the skeleton head and the pivot hole axis in each cube. Carefully push the pin projection of the cube bracket down into the reamed pivot hole axis in each cube. Secure each Galilean eyepiece and objective lens cube brackets with two lockscrews (40). These lockscrews extend into tapped holes in the skeleton head right side wall.

7. Reassemble the Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (19) on the flat outer face on the left side wall of the skeleton head. The integral pin projection is pushed into a reamed hole in the skeleton head and the pivot hole axis in the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4). Secure the bracket with two lockscrews (51) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into the tapped holes in the left side wall of the skeleton head.

8. Reassemble the Galilean objective lens cube bracket prism shift side (14) on the fiat outer face on the left side wall of the skeleton head. The integral pin projection is pushed into a reamed hole in the skeleton head and the pivot hole axis in the Galilean objective lens cube (5). Secure the bracket with two lockscrews (51) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the left side wall of the skeleton head.

9. Stand the skeleton head on a surface plate. With the use of a surface gage and dial

 
390

indicator attachment, measure the front and rear sides of the upper face of the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4). Release the two lockscrews (47) and move the upper pawl holder (31) and pawl (30) axially to obtain a true horizontal measurement. Secure the two lockscrews (47) when this is accomplished.

Follow the same procedure for the Galilean objective lens cube (5), measuring the front and rear sides of the upper face of the cube. Release the two lockscrews (47) and move the lower pawl holder (31) and pawl (30) axially to obtain a true horizontal measurement. Secure the two lockscrews (47) when this is accomplished.

This adjustment of the Galilean telescope mechanism is made so that upon the assembly of the lenses the optical line of sight of this system will be parallel to the optical line of sight of the remaining telescope systems. This prevents a pronounced general aberration which results when the pawl shoulders (31) and pawls (30) have a faulty alignment.

10. With the Galilean telescope system in the IN position, the left cube shifting rack (36) is placed with its integral stop against the lower side face of the Galilean objective lens cube bracket (13). In this position the power shift gear (35) is inserted in the circular recess engaging with the teeth in the right and left cube shifting racks (34 and 36). The reference mark on the gear should coincide with the reference mark on the right cube shifting rack.

11. Reassemble the power shift gear bracket (15), placing its integral pin projection in the bearing hole in the power shift gear (35), and extending it further into the reamed hole in the milled flat in the right side wall of the skeleton head. Secure the bracket with the two lockscrews (40). These lockscrews extend into tapped holes in the outer flat face on the right side wall of the skeleton head.

12. Check the movement of the Galilean telescope system in the IN and OUT position to ascertain whether the pawls engage properly. When the left cube shifting rack (36) integral stop touches the Galilean objective lens cube bracket (power shift side) (13), the V-grooves in the Galilean eyepiece dens and objective lens cubes (4 and 5), engage the power shift

  pawls (30) for the IN position. When the right cube shifting rack (34) integral stop touches the Galilean objective-lens cube bracket (power shift side) (13), the V-grooves in the Galilean eyepiece lens and objective lens cubes (4 and 5) engage the power shift pawls (30) for the OUT position.

13. Reassemble the head prism and mount assembly by following the procedure outlined in steps 10 to 12 inclusive: Reassemble the left and right head prism side plates (23 and 25) to their respective sides of the head prism mount (11). Secure each head prism side plate with three lockscrews (46). These lockscrews extend into tapped holes in opposite sides of the head prism mount (11).

14. Place the head prism (1) in the head prism mount (11) between both head prism side plates (23 and 25), and allow the lower face of the head prism to engage under the lower left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39).

15. Attach the upper left and right head prism mounting clamps (38 and 39) with two lockscrews (44) each. These lockscrews extend into the tapped holes in the head prism mount (11).

16. Reassemble the head prism shift mechanism by following the procedure outlined in Steps 16 to 18 inclusive: Reassemble the head prism mount shaft (37) with the inserted head prism mount lever key (67) in the head mount lever (12). Insert the taper pin (55) into the head prism mount lever (12) and the head prism mount pivot shaft (37) for their securement.

17. Place the head prism mount lever (12) in the upper fork section of the head prism actuating link (16) with the thickest part of the actuating link fork section facing outward. The long section of the head prism pivot shaft (37) should face inward. Line up the holes of both the head prism mount lever (12) and the fork section of the head prism actuating link (16) for the insertion of the link connecting shaft (18). The spot face end of the link connecting shaft remains outward. Insert the link connecting shaft in the lined up holes until its lower face is flush with the lower face of the head prism actuating link (16). Insert a headless

 
391

lockscrew (48) in a tapped hole in the side face of the head prism actuating link (16). This lockscrew extends into a spot face in the link connecting shaft (18).

18. Place the head prism actuating rack (65) in the lower fork section of the head prism actuating link (16). This actuating rack is placed with its integral stop projection facing outward. Line up the holes of the head prism actuating rack (65) and the fork section of the head prism actuating link (16). Insert the link connecting shaft (18) into the lined up holes, until its lower face is flush with the lower face of the head prism actuating link (16). The spot face end of the link connecting shaft (18) should remain outward. Insert a headless lockscrew (48) in a tapped hole in the side of the head prism actuating link (16). This lockscrew extends into a spot face in the link connecting shaft (18).

19. Remove the cube brackets (14 and 19) as described in paragraphs 3 and 4, Section 7E2.

20. Slide the head prism and mount assembly in the upper part of the skeleton head, sliding the head prism shade (20) downward in the opposite inner wall vertical grooves of the skeleton head (10). Lineup the holes of the head prism mount integral brackets (11) with the opposite inserted head prism mount shaft bushings (29).

21. Reassemble the prism tilt mechanism to the led side wall of the skeleton head. Place the head prism mount pivot shaft (37) in the head prism mount pivot shaft bushing (29) located in the left side wall of the skeleton head. Extend the shaft further into the head prism mount integral bracket (11) reamed holes and further into the head prism mount pivot shaft bushing (29) located in the right side wall of the skeleton head. Align the taper pin and lockscrew spot faces of the head prism mount pivot shaft (37) with the taper pin and lockscrew holes in the head prism Mount integral brackets (11). Insert the two lockscrews (5) into the tapped holes in the head prism mount integral brackets and spot faces in the head prism mount pivot shaft (37). Insert both taper pins (57) in the head prism mount integral brackets (11) and the head prism mount pivot shaft, with the head prism (1) in the depressed position.

  22. Reassemble the Galilean eyepiece lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (19) over the head prism actuating link (16) to the flat outer face on the left side wall of the skeleton head. The integral pin projection is pushed into a reamed hole in the skeleton head and the pivot hole axis in the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4). Secure the bracket with two lockscrews (51) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into the tapped holes in the left side wall of the skeleton head.

23. Reassemble the Galilean objective lens cube bracket (prism shift side) (14) over the head prism actuating rack (65) to the flat outer face on the left side wall of the skeleton head. The integral pin projection is pushed into a reamed hole in the skeleton head and the pivot hole axis in the Galilean objective lens cube (5). Secure the bracket with two lockscrews (51) which are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the left side wall of the skeleton head.

24. Place the head prism actuating rack guide spacer (59) under the head prism actuating rack (65). Reassemble the head prism actuating rack guide (58) over the head prism actuating rack (65). Secure it in place with two short and two long lockscrews (52 and 53). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the rack guide and clearance holes in the rack guide spacer and screwed into tapped holes in the left side wall of the skeleton head.

25. Shift the Galilean telescope system to high power or the OUT position.

26. Reassemble the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6) to the face of the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4). Secure the housing with three lockscrew (4), which are inserted into clearance holes in the housing and screwed into tapped holes in the face of the Galilean eyepiece lens cube (4).

27. Clean all surface dust off both sides of the Galilean eyepiece lens (2). Reassemble the Galilean eyepiece lens with its mount (7), screwing it into the Galilean eyepiece lens mount housing (6). The Galilean eyepiece lens mount is placed in the housing with the

 
392

concave-convex lens cemented to a double concave negative lens facing the head prism in the IN position.

28. Clean the Galilean objective lens (3) using clean lens tissue. Also clean off the surface dust. Place this lens in the Galilean objective lens cube (5) with the longest radius facing downward in the IN position. Screw the Galilean objective lens retainer (8) on the threaded periphery of the Galilean objective lens cube (5). The Galilean objective lens (8) is clamped sufficiently to maintain a snug fit without any strain exerted on the lens. Apply spot solder

  to the Galilean objective lens retainer (8) and the Galilean objective lens cube (5) to prevent its unscrewing from the threaded periphery of the Galilean objective lens cube.

29. Check the Galilean telescope system and its mechanism for surface dust, using a small air bulb to blow off any surface dust and dirt. Check the head prism in similar manner.

30. Wrap the complete skeleton head assembly in clean lens tissue, until ready for its attachment to the upper flange of fifth reduced tube section (1. Figure 7-6).

 
F. UPPER TELESCOPE SYSTEM
 
7F1. Description of the upper telescope system Part I: first, second, third, fourth, and fifth reduced tube sections and 7th and 8th inner tube sections. The upper telescope system is divided into two individual assemblies, namely:

Part I: First, second, third, fourth, and fifth reduced tube sections and seventh and eighth inner tube sections.

Part II: Fourth, fifth, and sixth inner tube sections.

The upper telescope system is divided principally to permit familiarization as to nomenclature, description, disassembly, and reassembly. It is composed of three lenses, namely: a positive upper eyepiece lens doublet, a plano-convex telemeter lens, and a positive upper objective lens air-space doublet. This system is used in reverse to decrease the lower telescope system to a 6-power magnification. Figure 7-6 shows the upper telescope system assembly Part I. All bubble numbers of Sections 7F1, 3, and 4, refer to Figure 7-6 unless otherwise specified.

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
1 P-1521-1 1 Fifth reduced tube Section
2 P-1475-6 1 Upper eyepiece lens
3 P-1478-3 1 Quadruple screw follower
4 P-1493-7 2 Quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts
5 P-1493-8 1 Quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut washer
6 P-1495-4 1 Upper eyepiece lens clamp ring
 
Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
7 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section (silver soldered)
8 P-1505-5 2 Quadruple screw shaft ball bearings
9 P-1506-3 1 Upper eyepiece lens mount axial alignment screw
10 P-1506-5 12 Fifth reduced tube section lockscrews, upper and lower flanges
11 P-1506-7 2 Upper eyepiece lens mount lockscrews
12 P-1506-12 1 Upper eyepiece lens clamp ring lockscrew
13 P-1506-30 1 Quadruple screw follower slot spreading screw
14 P-1506-33 2 Quadruple screw follower slot closing screws
15 P-1506-102 2 Fifth reduced tube section alignment dowel pins, upper and lower flanges
16 P-1522-1 1 Quadruple screw shaft
17 P-1522-2 1 Quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing
18 P-1522-4 1 Upper eyepiece lens mount
19 P-1523-8 1 Upper airline section
20 P-1521-2 1 Fourth reduced tube section
21 P-1482-3 1 Head prism drive shaft section
22 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
23 P-1505-7 1 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling
24 P-1506-8 6 Third and fourth reduced tube section lockscrews
25 P-1506-103 1 Third and fourth reduced tube section alignment dowel pin
26 P-1506-104 2 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pins
 
393

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
27 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation
28 P-1501-2 1 Third reduced tube section
29 P-1475-7 1 Telemeter lens
30 P-1482-3 1 Head prism drive shaft section continuation
31 P-1495-1 1 Telemeter lens mount
32 P-1495-2 1 Telemeter lens clamp ring
33 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
34 P-1506-12 1 Telemeter lens clamp ring lockscrew
35 P-1506-14 1 Angular alignment lockscrew
36 P-1506-14A 1 Angular alignment lockscrew washer
37 P-1506-15 6 Second and third reduced tube section flange lockscrews
38 P-1506-20 2 Telemeter lens mount lockscrews
39 P-1506-21 1 Telemeter lens lockscrew
40 P-1506-105 1 Second and third reduced tube section alignment dowel pin
41 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation
42 P-1487-1 1 Second reduced tube section
43 P-1482-4 1 Head prism drive shaft section
44 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
45 P-1505-1 1 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling
46 P-1506-15 6 First and second reduced tube section flange lock screws
47 P-4506-104 2 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pins
48 P-1506-105 1 First and second reduced tube section alignment dowel pin
49 P-1522-6 1 Head prism drive shaft spherical bushing
50 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation
51 P-1489-1 1 First reduced tube section
52 P-1482-4 1 Head prism drive shaft section continuation
53 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
54 P-1505-1 1 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling
 
Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
55 P-1506-28 6 First reduced tube section and inner tube section reducing coupling flange lockscrews
56 P-1506-104 2 Head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pins
57 P-1506-114 1 First reduced tube section and reducing coupling alignment dowel pin
58 P-1522-6 1 Head prism drive shaft spherical bushing
59 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation
60 P-1485-2 1 Eighth inner tube section
61 P-1482-5 1 Head prism drive shaft section
62 P-1482-7 2 Head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators
63 P-1485-1 1 Eighth inner tube section lower end coupling
64 P-1487-3 1 Reducing coupling
65 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
66 P-1506-23 24 Eighth inner tube section and reducing coupling lockscrews
67 P-1506-24 24 Eighth inner tube section lower part lockscrews
68 P-1506-58 2 Waveguide clamp bracket lockscrews
69 P-1513-8 1 Head prism drive shaft guide (soldered)
70 P-1514-1 2 Anti-reflection screen liners
71 P-1523-1 1 Waveguide clamp plate
72 P-1523-1A 2 Waveguide clamp plate pins
73 P-1523-2 1 Waveguide clamp bracket
74 P-1523-3 2 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws
75 P-1523-4 2 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts
76 P-1523-5 2 Air line straps (soldered)
77 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation
78 P-1523-10 2 Tape straps (soldered)
79 P-1484-3 1 Seventh inner tube section
80 P-1475-8A 1 Upper objective lens flint element
81 P-1475-8B 1 Upper objective lens crown element
82 P-1484-1 1 Upper objective lens mount
83 P-1484-2 1 Upper objective lens clamp ring
84 P-1484-4 1 Upper objective lens spacer ring
85 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
 
394

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
86 P-1506-23 4 Upper objective lens mount lockscrews
87 P-1506-25 48 Seventh inner tube section upper and lower port lockscrews
88 P-1506-26 1 Upper objective lens mount axial alignment lockscrew
89 P-1506-27 4 Upper objective lens clamp ring lockscrews
90 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation

a. Fifth reduced tube section. The fifth reduced tube section (1) is made of brass material with an over-all length of 6.870 inches: An undercut shoulder concentric with the bore projects outward from the upper and lower flanges, and forms an alignment support section to fit in a shallow counterbored alignment support section in the skeleton head, and at the lower part with the concentric bored alignment support section in the upper part of the fourth reduced tube section (20). Three bearing flanges are provided, with the outer circumference eccentric 0.125 inch from the optical centerline. The offset is necessary to provide sufficient space for the waveguide section (7) and for the optical system.

Each offset bearing flange is slotted rectangular in the thickest part, to provide a clearance space for the waveguide section. The lower and center flanges are provided with two reamed holes and counterbored recesses to accommodate, two quadruple screw aft ball bearings (8) of a push fit. The reamed holes and the counterbored recesses are located to the left of the rectangular slot. Two power shifting wire tape slots are located in each of the three flanges to the right of the rectangular waveguide slot. An axial slot and recess are provided near the center of this reduced tube section for an axial alignment screw (9) to provide sufficient movement for the upper eyepiece lens mount (18) to focus the upper eyepiece lens (2) for the removal of parallax in high power.

The upper and lower flanges are each supplied with a dowel pin (15), which reestablishes the factory alignment upon reassembly in a reamed

  hole in the skeleton head frame (10, Figure 7-5), and the upper flange of the fourth reduced tube section (20). Each upper and lower flange is provided with six clearance holes for the insertion of lockscrews (10) with one additional hole provided in each of the three flanges for the upper air line section (19). The lower flange of the fifth reduced tube section is secured to the upper flange of the fourth reduced tube section (20) with six lockscrews (10).

1. Quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing. The quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17) is placed on the quadruple screw shaft (16) between both quadruple screw shaft ball bearings (8). The thrust bushing serves as a distance piece between both the above ball bearing center races.

2. Quadruple screw shaft. The quadruple screw shaft (16) is machined with a quadruple right-hand thread, 20 threads per inch with a 10 degrees 30' helix angle. It engages in the internal quadruple thread in the quadruple screw follower (3). A short threaded section below the quadruple threaded section carries two adjusting nuts (4) with a straight turned stem section. The stem section extends through two quadruple screw shaft ball bearings (8) and a quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17) into the upper part of a head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23). The quadruple screw shaft operates the quadruple screw follower (3), moving it vertically for operation with appropriate linkage on the skeleton head for the elevation and depression of the head prism (1, Figure 7-5).

3. Quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts. The two quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts (4) screw vertically on the short threaded section of the quadruple screw shaft (16). The lower adjusting nut establishes the thrust elimination in the above shaft, when tightened against an adjusting nut washer (5) which contacts the upper ball bearing race (8). The upper adjusting nut serves as a locknut, preventing the lower adjusting nut from destroying the thrust setting.

4. Head prism drive shaft universal coupling. The head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) provides a joint between the quadruple screw shaft (16) and the head prism drive shaft (21) of the fourth reduced tube

 
395

Figure 7-6. Upper telescope system assembly, Part I.
Figure 7-6. Upper telescope system assembly, Part I.
 
396

section (20). The coupling permits turning of the shafts at any angle within defined limits.

5. Thrust assembly. The thrust assembly is described as follows: The quadruple screw shaft (16) with two quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts (4) and a quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut washer (5) are the main thrust adjusting factors. The stem section of the quadruple screw shaft extends through the center race of the upper quadruple screw shaft ball bearing (8), mounted in a counterbored recess in the center flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1). The stem section extends farther through the quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17) and through the center race of the lower quadruple screw shaft ball bearing (8), mounted in a counterbored recess in the lower flange of the fifth reduced tube section. The upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) is secured to the quadruple screw shaft with a taper pin (26), and serves as a fixed thrust collar for the shaft in its lower part.

6. Thrust principle. The thrust principle is described in the following manner: When the lower adjusting nut (4) is tightened against the adjusting nut washer (5), the quadruple screw shaft (16) is drawn upward until the upper part of the universal coupling comes into contact with the center race of the lower ball bearing (8). The thrust bushing (17) between the two center races of the upper and lower ball bearings (8) provides the necessary separation between its center races to allow the ball bearings to revolve freely without any thrust in the shaft. Both ball bearings are installed back to back so that the thrust adjustment is taken up against each upper and lower outer race thrust shoulder.

7. Quadruple screw follower. The quadruple screw follower (3) is provided with a large hub and has an internal quadruple thread to engage on the quadruple screw shaft (16). The hull is slotted and supplied with one slot spreading screw (13) and two slot closing screws (14). The slot spreading screw controls the separation of the slotted section, and the slot closing screws eliminate the lost motion of the quadruple screw follower when engaged on the quadruple screw threads of the shaft.

  The hub of the quadruple screw follower is provided with an offset arm. The offset arm forms the connection of the follower to the head prism actuating rack (65, Figure 7-5) of the skeleton head assembly. It is secured to the actuating rack with three lockscrews (41, Figure 7-5) and its alignment is maintained with two dowel pins (56, Figure 7-5). The quadruple screw shaft (16) and follower (3) provide a smooth positive drive for the elevation and depression of the head prism (1, Figure 7-5). This arrangement eliminates staggered movement and creep, heretofore encountered with the use of the skeleton head gear train, the head prism shifting racks, and the shifting wire tapes for the prism tilt mechanism.

8. Upper eyepiece lens. The upper eyepiece lens (2) is made of two optical elements, consisting of a divergent meniscus flint element cemented to a double convex crown element, forming a positive upper eyepiece lens doublet. It is mounted in the upper eyepiece lens mount (18) and secured in the mount with a clamp ring (6). The clamp ring is provided with a lockscrew (12) to prevent its unscrewing from the mount.

9. Upper eyepiece lens mount. The upper eyepiece lens mount (18) carries the upper eyepiece lens (2) against its shoulder seat with a short threaded section to receive a threaded upper eyepiece lens clamp ring (6). The mount slides in the fifth reduced tube section (1), and it carries the upper eyepiece lens (2) axially for the removal of parallax. After final collimation, the mount is secured with two lockscrews (11) to maintain it in the adjusted position. An air channel provision is provided in the mount. Check Section A-A of the factory detail drawing. The air channel is a vertical drilled hole through the wall of the moat to provide a passage for nitrogen.

b. Fourth reduced tube section. The fourth reduced tube section (20) is made of brass material with an over-all length of 11.810-inches. An undercut shoulder projects outward from its lower flange to form an alignment support section of a sliding fit in the straight bored section in the upper part of the third reduced tube section (28). Two bearing flanges are provided, one in the upper and one in the lower part with their outer circumference

 
397

eccentric 0.125 inch from the optical centerline. The rectangular waveguide slot, power shifting wire tape slots, and the air line clearance holes for the upper air line section continuation (27) are provided in both bearing flanges, similar to the fifth reduced tube section.

The upper flange is provided with a clearance hole located to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot for the upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23). The lower flange has a radius cut through the flange periphery for sufficient clearance around the head prism drive shaft section (21). The upper flange is provided with six tapped holes and a reamed dowel pin hole. The upper flange of the fourth reduced tube section is secured to the lower flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1) with six lockscrews (10). The lower flange is provided with six clearance holes and an inserted dowel pin (25). The dowel pin engages in a reamed hole in the upper flange of the third reduced tube section (28) to reestablish the factory alignment upon reassembly.

The periphery of this reduced tube section tapers outward from near the upper flange, down to its lower flange. The bore is tapered in similar manner to the periphery, maintaining a uniform wall thickness. The tapered bore is provided with anti-reflection threads. The wall of this reduced tube section is tapered to provide only the necessary wall body over the marginal or oblique done of light rays diverging downward from the upper eyepiece lens (2) to the telemeter lens (29).

The head prism drive shaft section (21) is attached to the lower part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) at the upper part of this reduced tube section with a taper pin (26). No lenses are carried in the fourth reduced tube section (20). This section serves to form a partial section with the third and fifth reduced tube sections to provide the necessary focal distance between the upper eyepiece lens and the telemeter lens.

c. Third reduced tube section. The third reduced tube section (28) is made of brass material with an overall length of 13 inches. Two bearing flanges are provided, one in the upper and one in the lower part, with an eccentric offset similar to the fourth and fifth reduced tube

  sections. The rectangular waveguide slot, power shifting wire tape slots, and the air line clearance holes for the upper air line section continuation (41) are provided in both flanges similar to the fifth reduced tube section (1).

The upper flange has a radius cut through the flange periphery, for sufficient clearance around the head prism drive shaft section continuation (30) to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot. The lower flange is provided with a clearance hole for the same purpose, and its location is similar. The upper flange is provided with six tapped holes and a reamed dowel pin hole. The upper flange of the third reduced tube section is secured to the lower flange of the fourth reduced tube section (20) with six lockscrews (24). The lower flange is provided with six clearance holes, and an inserted dowel pin (40). The dowel pin engages in a reamed hole in the upper flange of the second reduced tube section (42) to reestablish the factory alignment upon reassembly-.

The periphery of this seduced tube section tapers outward from the upper flange, down to a shoulder. The shoulder is raised slightly and tapers outward to the lower flange. The lower part has two counterbored sections, the small counterbored section carries the telemeter lens mount (31). A circumferential slot is provided in the wall of this counterbored section to supply a means for orientation of the telemeter lens by angular movement, with an angular alignment lock screw (35). The large counterbored section serves as an alignment support section to carry the upper alignment support section of the second reduced tube section upper flange (42)

The bore is straight at the upper end to receive the alignment support section of the fourth reduced tube section lower flange. The bore is tapered in similar manner to the periphery, maintaining a uniform wall thickness. The tapered bore is provided with anti-reflection threads. The wall of this reduced tube section is tapered to provide only the necessary wall body over the marginal or oblique cone of light rays diverging downward from the upper eyepiece lens (2) to the telemeter lens (29). The head prism drive shaft section continuation (30) extends the length of this reduced tube

 
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section, with a spherical bushing (49) soldered to this drive shaft. The spherical bushing is located in the center of two assembled flange faces of the third and second reduced tube section flanges (28 and 42).

1. Telemeter lens. The telemeter lens (29) is made of one optical element, and is a plano-convex crown element. The piano surface is graduated with a vertical line. Each large division on the telemeter lens corresponds to an angle of 1 degree at high power, and 4 degrees at low power. Each subdivision corresponds to an angle of 15' at high power, and 1 degree at low power. The convex radius is designed to permit convergence to the marginal or oblique cone of light rays so that they will enter the clear aperture of the upper objective lens (80 and 81). It is mounted in the telemeter lens mount (31) and secured in the mount with a clamp ring (32).

The clamp ring is secured with a lockscrew (34) to prevent it from unscrewing and destroying the adjustment of the telemeter lens (29) position in its mount. The telemeter lens is grooved on its periphery and slides into the mount (31) with the groove engaging a lockscrew (39). This prevents angular movement of the telemeter lens in the mount.

2. Telemeter lens mount. The telemeter lens mount (31) carries the telemeter lens (29) with the plano surface of the lens resting in a shoulder seat with a short threaded section. The threaded section receives a threaded telemeter lens clamp ring (32).

The mount can be rotated by the use of the angular alignment lockscrew (35). The mount is secured with two lockscrews (38) after it is oriented during the procedure of final collimation. An air channel provision is provided in the mount. Check Section A-A of the factory detail drawing. The air channel is a vertical drilled hole through the shoulder seat in the mount, and a vertical groove cut below the depth of the internal thread, and the upper chamfer in the mount, to provide a passage for nitrogen.

The clamp ring is threaded on its periphery to engage in the internal threads in the mount, and is secured with a lockscrew (34) after clamping the telemeter lens sufficiently to prevent the clamp ring from unscrewing from the mount.

  d. Second reduced tube section. The second reduced tube section (42) is made of phosphor-bronze material with an over-all length of 21.940 inches. An undercut shoulder concentric with the bore projects outward from the upper flange and forms an alignment support section to fit in a large counterbored alignment support section in the lower part of the third reduced tube section (28). The lower flange has a similar alignment support section and is carried in the counterbored section in the upper part of the first reduced tube section (51). The outer circumference of both bearing flanges is eccentric 0.125-inch from the optical centerline.

The rectangular waveguide slot, power shifting wire tape slots, and the air line clearance holes for the upper air line section continuation (50) are provided in both bearing flanges similar to the fifth reduced tube section (1). The upper and lower flanges are each provided with clearance holes to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot. Each of these clearance holes carries half of the head prism drive shaft spherical bushing (58). The upper flange is provided with six tapped holes and a reamed dowel pin hole. The upper flange of the second reduced tube section is secured to the lower flange of the third reduced tube section with six lockscrews (46). The lower flange is provided with six clearance holes, and an inserted dowel pin (48). The dowel pin engages in a reamed hole in the upper flange of the 1st reduced tube section (51) to reestablish the factory alignment upon reassembly.

The periphery of this reduced tube section tapers outward from the upper flange to its lower flange. The bore is tapered in similar manner to the periphery, maintaining a uniform wall thickness, with an internal shoulder of nominal thickness at the upper end. The shoulder serves as a diaphragm to restrict the field of the telemeter lens to 8 degrees. The wall of this reduced tube section is tapered to conform to the marginal or oblique cone of light rays diverging downward to the telemeter lens (29).

e. First reduced tube section. The first reduced tube section (51) is made of cast phosphor-bronze material, with an over-all length of 21.244 inches. Two bearing flanges are provided, one at the upper and one at the lower

 
399

part, with the outer circumference eccentric 0.125 inch from the optical centerline. The rectangular waveguide slot, power shifting wire tape slots, and air line clearance holes for the upper air line section continuation (59) are provided in both bearing flanges similar to the fifth reduced tube section (1).

The upper and lower flanges are provided with clearance holes to accommodate the head prism drive shaft section (61) and head prism drive shaft section continuation (52) and are located to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot. The upper flange carries a portion of the soldered spherical bushing (58) assembled on the head prism drive shaft section continuation (52). The head prism drive shaft section and its continuation are coupled together with ahead prism drive shaft universal coupling (54). The upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling is secured to the lower stub end of the head prism drive shaft section continuation (52) with a taper pin (56).

The lower part of the universal coupling is secured to the upper end of head prism drive shaft section (61) with a taper pin (56). The coupling provides a joint to permit turning of the shafts at any angle within defined limits. The reduced tube section upper flange is provided with six tapped holes and a reamed dowel pin hole. The upper range of the first reduced tube section (51) is secured to the lower flange of the second reduced tube section with six lockscrews (46). The lower flange is provided with six clearance holes and, an inserted dowel pin (57). The dowel pin engaging a reamed hole in the bearing flange of the reducing coupling (64) to reestablish the factory alignment upon reassembly.

The periphery of this reduced tube section tapers outward from a straight turned shoulder down to the lower flange. In the lower part the bore is straight turned a sufficient distance to allow for the upper alignment support section of the reducing coupling, (64). The upper part is provided with a counterbored section to receive the lower alignment support section of the second reduced tube section (42). The bore is tapered in similar manner to the periphery, maintaining a uniform wall thickness, except where otherwise specified. The tapered bore is provided with

  anti-reflection threads. The wall of this reduced tube section is tapered to conform to the divergence of the marginal or oblique cone of light rays extending downward from the telemeter lens (29).

f. Eighth inner tube section. The eighth inner tube section (60) is made of seamless drawn brass tubing material with a flat 50 degrees minor chord, having an over-all length of 41 inches. The upper part of this inner tube section is secured to the lower alignment support section of the reducing coupling (64) with 24 lockscrews (66) while the lower part is secured to the upper alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63) with 24 lockscrews (67).

Two anti-reflection screen liners (70) with a flat 50 degrees minor chord of similar length are installed in this eighth inner tube section. Because of the flat 50 degrees minor chord of the inner tube section tubing, it is impossible to machine a concentric anti-reflection thread. This necessitates the installation of anti-reflection screen liners.

1. Reducing coupling. The reducing coupling (64) is made of phosphor-bronze material with an overall length of 5 inches. An undercut shoulder concentric with the mechanical axis of the outer tube bore projects upward from the bearing flange, and is of sufficient length to form an alignment support section for the straight alignment support section in the lower part of the first reduced tube section. The outer circumference of the bearing flange is eccentric 0.125 inch from the optical centerline. The offset is necessary to provide sufficient space for a rectangular slot for the waveguide section continuation (65) and also to establish sufficient space for the optical system.

Two power shifting wire tape slots are located in the flange to the right of the rectangular waveguide slot. A clearance hole located to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot is provided for the head prism drive shaft section (61). An air line clearance hole is provided for the upper air line section continuation (77) located on the right side of the rectangular waveguide slot. The flange is provided with six tapped holes for lockscrews (55) and a reamed hole to receive an alignment dowel pin (57) of the first reduced

 
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tube section (51) to reestablish the factory alignment upon reassembly.

The lower part of this coupling is provided with a 3-inch long alignment support section of uniform thickness. It is machined with an offset of 0.125 inch from the mechanical axis of the outer tube, and is provided with a flat 50 degrees minor chord. It is designed to carry the upper part of the eighth inner tube section (60) which is a brass tube section with a flat 50 degrees minor chord. This lower alignment support section is provided with 24 equally spaced tapped holes for lockscrews (66) and it secures the upper part of the eighth inner tube section on the lower part of the reducing coupling.

2. Anti-reflection screen liners. The two anti-reflection screen liners (70) are made up of two diaphragm rings with a flat 50 degrees minor chord. The screen mesh envelope is made of 30 X 30 phosphor-bronze mesh. Each mesh envelope has a diaphragm ring soldered to the upper and lower part, with an over-all length of 17.250 inches.

3. Head prism drive shaft section. The head prism drive shaft section (61) extends the entire length of the eighth inner tube section. It is supported with a head prism drive shaft guide (69) soldered on the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the eighth inner tube section (60) and located in the central part. The head prism drive shaft guide (69) is a flat piece of brass, provided with a clearance hole. It supports the head prism drive shaft section (61) in the center of the eighth inner tube section. Two head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators (62) are assembled over the drive shaft, one on the upper and one on the lower part of the head prism drive-shaft section (61) of the eighth inner tube section. These noise eliminators prevent noise caused by the vibration of the head prism drive shaft in the shaft guides.

4. Waveguide clamp bracket. The waveguide clamp bracket (73) is a small bracket arrangement on the lower part of the eighth inner tube section, flush with the lower face. It is secured to the right side on the flat 50 degrees minor chord section with two lockscrews (68). The bracket is provided with two tapped holes for the insertion of two waveguide clamp plate

  adjustment screws (74) of sufficient length to carry locknuts (75).

The bracket is provided with two holes of sufficient depth to accommodate two pin projections (72) of the waveguide clamp plate (71). The clamp plate with the pin projections provides a means of clamping the waveguide against the left side of the rectangular waveguide slot. The adjustment screws (74) contact the clamp plate, with the adjustment locknuts maintaining the waveguide snugly in the rectangular slot.

5. Upper air line section continuation. The upper air line section continuation (77) extends the entire length of the eighth inner tube section (60). Two air line straps (76) are soldered on the periphery of the eighth inner tube section, and located in the upper and lower parts, in the vertical centerline of air line clearance holes in the bearing flanges.

6. Tape straps. The two tape straps (78) are soldered to the periphery of the eighth inner tube section (60) and are located at the upper and lower parts, in the vertical centerline of the tape slots in both coupling bearing flanges. These straps preserve vertical guidance to the change of power shifting wire tapes (35, Figure 7-11).

7. Eighth inner tube section lower end coupling. The eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63) is made of phosphor-bronze material with an over-all length of 6.500 inches. This coupling is provided with a center bearing flange with two 3-inch long alignment support sections of uniform wall thickness, located on each side of the center bearing flange. Each alignment support section is provided with an offset of 0.125 inch from the outer circumference of the center bearing flange. The offset is necessary to provide sufficient space for the waveguide section continuation (65) and also to establish sufficient space for the optical system. This coupling forms a joint between the lower part of the eighth inner tube section (60) and the upper part of the seventh inner tube section (79). Each coupling alignment support section is similar to the wall of each inner tube section, except that it is a push fit in the inner tube section with a flat 50 degrees minor chord.

 
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The bearing flange is provided with a clearance hole to accommodate the head prism drive shaft section (61) located to the left of the rectangular waveguide slot. A radius is cut through the flange on the right side of the rectangular waveguide slot to allow clearance for the upper air line section continuation (90).

Two power shifting wire tape slots are located in the bearing flange to the right of the rectangular waveguide slot. The upper alignment support section is provided with 24 equally spaced tapped holes for lockscrews (67). These lockscrews secure the lower part of the eighth inner tube section on the upper alignment support section. The lower alignment support section is provided with similar tapped holes for lockscrews (87). These lockscrews secure the upper part of the seventh inner tube section on the lower alignment support section.

g. Seventh inner tube section. The seventh inner tube section (79) is made of phosphor-bronze material with an overall length of 13 inches. Four bearing flanges are provided, with the outer circumference eccentric 0.125-inch from the optical centerline. The rectangular waveguide slot, power shifting wire tape, slots, clearance holes for the head prism drive shaft section (61), and the air line radius clearance provision are made in each of the four bearing flanges similar to the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63). The three undercut sections are of similar design as the alignment support sections of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling except that the irregular periphery of each is later.

The undercut center section of this inner tube section is provided with an axial slot, to allow an exterior means of moving the upper objective lens mount with the use of the axial alignment lockscrew (88). The upper and lower part of this inner tube section is a push fit on the lower alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling, and the upper alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling, and each end is secured with 24 lockscrews (87).

1. Upper objective lens. The upper objective lens (80 and 81) is made of two optical elements. The first is a divergent meniscus-flint element separated with a spacer ring (84) from the second

  which is a double convex crown element. These form an air space doublet. Both the flint and crown elements have a flat 50 degrees minor chord section ground off. This is a result of the same principle involved with the mechanical parts, to allow clearance for the waveguide. It is mounted in the upper objective lens mount (82) and secured in the mount with a clamp ring (83). The clamp ring is secured in the mount with four lockscrews (89).

2. Upper objective lens mount. The upper objective lens mount (82) carries the upper objective lens (80 and 81) separated with a spacer ring (84). The mount is designed with a flat 50 degree minor chord, and is a sliding fit in the seventh inner tube section. The mount moves the upper objective lens axially to effect sufficient ravel of the eyepiece lens to within limits of plus 1 1/2 diopters and minus 3 diopters. After final collimation, the mount is secured with four lockscrews (86) to retain it in the adjusted position. An air channel provision is provided in the mount. Check Section A-A of the factory detail drawing. The air channel is a wide shallow vertical slot extending in the wall of the mount to a shallow depth in its shoulder seat, to provide a passage for nitrogen. The shoulder seat of the mount is fitted to the optical crown element, because of the ground off flat 50 degrees minor chord section.

3. Upper objective lens spacer ring. The upper objective lens spacer ring (84) is placed between the flint and crown elements of the upper objective lens (80 and 81). It provides an air spacer between both elements. Lenses of large diameter cannot be cemented because of the difference in the thermal expansion coefficients of crown and flint glasses. The spacer ring is fitted to both contact faces of the optical elements as result of a ground off flat 50 degrees minor chord section.

4. Upper objective lens clamp ring. The upper objective lens clamp ring (83) lamps the upper objective lens to the shoulder seat in the mount with sufficient tension, after the insertion of four lockscrews (89). The clamp ring is a sliding fit in the mount, and is designed with a flat 50 degrees minor chord. The clamp ring in contact with the flint element is fitted as a result of the flat 50 degrees minor chord section ground off this element.

 
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Figure 7-7. Upper telescope system assembly, Part II.
Figure 7-7. Upper telescope system assembly, Part II.
 
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7F2. Description of the upper telescope system assembly Part II: fourth, fifth, and sixth inner tube sections. The fourth, fifth, and sixth inner tube sections carry no lenses, but form the necessary wall to confine the interobjective rays of light extending downward to the lower magnifying telescope system. This distance provides the necessary length requirement for the periscope. Figure 7-7 shows the upper telescope system assembly Part II. All bubble numbers in Sections 7F2, 5, and 6 refer to Figure 7-7 unless otherwise specified.

Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
1 P-1485-3 1 Sixth inner tube section
2 P-1482-5 1 Head prism drive shaft section continuation
3 P-1482-7 3 Head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators
4 P-1485-1 1 Sixth inner tube section upper end coupling
5 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
6 P-1506-24 48 Sixth inner tube section upper and lower end lockscrews
7 P-1506-58 4 Waveguide clamp bracket lockscrews
8 P-1513-8 2 Head prism drive shaft guides (soldered)
9 P-1514-2 4 Anti-reflection screen liners
10 P-1523-1 2 Waveguide clamp plates
11 P-1523-1A 4 Waveguide clamp plate pins
12 P-1526-2 2 1 Waveguide clamp brackets
13 P-1523-3 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws
14 P-1523-4 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts
15 P-1523-5 4 Air line straps (soldered)
16 P-1523-8 1 Upper air line section continuation and center air section
17 P-1523-9 1 Air line coupling (soldered)
18 P-1523-10 2 Tape straps (soldered)
19 P-1485-3 1 Fifth inner tube section
20 P-1482-5 1 Head prism drive shaft section continuation
21 P-1482-7 3 Head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators
22 P-1485-1 1 Fifth inner tube section upper end coupling
23 P-1487-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
24 P-1506-24 48 Fifth inner tube section upper and lower end lockscrews
 
Ill.
No.
Drawing
Number
Num-
ber Re-
quired
Nomenclature
25 P-1506-58 4 Waveguide clamp bracket lockscrews
26 P-1513-8 2 Head prism drive shaft guides (soldered)
27 P-1514-2 4 Anti-reflection screen liners
28 P-1523-1 2 Waveguide clamp plates
29 P-1523-1A 4 Waveguide clamp plate pins
30 P-1523-2 2 Waveguide clamp brackets
31 P-1523-3 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws
32 P-1523-4 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts
33 P-1523-5 3 Air line straps (soldered)
34 P-1523-8 1 Center air line section continuation and lower air line section
35 P-1523-9 1 Air line coupling (soldered)
36 P-1523-10 1 Tape strap (soldered)
37 P-1485-3 1 Fourth inner tube section
38 P-1482-5 1 Head prism drive shaft section continuation
39 P-1482-7 3 Head prism drive shaft rubber noise eliminators
40 P-1485-1 2 Fourth inner tube section upper and lower end couplings
41 P-1497-1 1 Waveguide section continuation
42 P-1506-24 48 Fourth inner tube section lockscrews upper and lower ends
43 P-1506-58 4 Waveguide clamp bracket lockscrews
44 P-1513-8 2 Head prism drive shaft guides
45 P-1514-2 3 Anti-reflection screen liners
46 P-1514-3 1 Anti-reflection screen liner
47 P-1523-1 2 Waveguide clamp plates
48 P-1523-1A 4 Waveguide clamp plate pins
49 P-1523-2 2 Waveguide clamp brackets
50 P-1523-3 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws
51 P-1523-4 4 Waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts
52 P-15232-5 4 Air line straps (soldered)
53 P-1523-8 1 Lower air line section continuation
54 P-1523-10 1 Tape strap (soldered)

a. Sixth inner tube section. The sixth inner tube section (1) is made of the same material and design as the eighth inner tube section (60, Figure 7-6), except that it has an overall length of 75 inches. Its upper part is secured on the lower alignment support section

 
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of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4), while its lower part is secured on the upper alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22). The upper and lower ends of the sixth inner tube section are secured with 48 lockscrews (6).

1. Sixth inner tube section upper end coupling. The sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4) is identical to the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63). This upper end coupling forms a joint between the lower part of the seventh inner tube section (79, Figure 7-6) and the upper part of the sixth inner tube section (1).

2. Head prism drive shaft section continuation. The head prism drive shaft section continuation (2) is an extension of the head prism drive shaft section (61, Figure 7-6) of the seventh and eighth inner tube sections. It is made up of two lengths welded together, with an overall length of 318.47 inches. It extends downward from the lower part of the first reduced tube section (51, Figure 7-6) to the upper part of the first inner tube section (31, Figure 7-10). At each succeeding inner tube section it carries an illustration bubble number denoting its continuation reference.

The shaft continuation (2) extends downward the entire length of the sixth inner tube section (1). It is supported to this inner tube section with two head prism drive shaft guides (8) soldered on the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall. These guides merely consist of flat pieces of brass provided with a clearance hole, with the outer circumference conforming to the, contour of the inner tube section periphery. Three head prism drive shaft noise eliminators are assembled on this shaft continuation at three equal places.

3. Center air line section. The center air line section (16) has a soldered air line coupling (17) at its upper end. This center section extends downward from near the upper part of the sixth inner tube section through three soldered air line straps (15) to form a continuation (34) at the upper part of the fifth inner tube section (19). The upper undercut section of the air line coupling (17) connects in the lower end of the upper air line section continuation (16) secured to the upper part of the sixth inner tube section periphery with a soldered air line strap (15).

  4. Waveguide clamp brackets. The two waveguide clamp brackets (12) are secured to the upper and lower parts of the sixth inner tube section (1) flush with its upper and lower faces. Both brackets are retained on the right side of the 50 degrees minor chord wall with two lockscrews each (7). Refer to the waveguide clamp brackets (73, Figure 7-6) of the eighth inner tube section (60), as the two waveguide clamp plates (10), their pins (11), waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (13), and the adjustment screw locknuts (14) are identical in purpose and function.

5. Tape straps. The two tape straps (18) are soldered to the periphery of the sixth inner tube section at its upper and lower parts, in the vertical centerline of the tape slots in the upper end coupling bearing flange. These straps provide vertical guidance to the change of power shifting wire tapes (35, Figure 7-11).

6. Anti-reflection screen liners. The four anti-reflection screen liners (9) are each 17 inches in length. Refer to the anti-reflection screen liners (70, Figure 7-6), of the eighth inner tube section (60) as they are identical in construction and serve the same purpose and function. All four of these screen liners are installed in the sixth inner tube section (1).

b. Fifth inner tube section. The fifth inner tube section (19) is made of the same material and design as the eighth inner tube section (60, Figure 7-6) except that it has an overall length of 75 inches. The upper end of this inner tube section is secured on the lower alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22) while at its lower end it is secured to the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40). The upper and lower parts of the fifth inner tube section are each secured with 24 lockscrews (24).

1. Head prism drive shaft section continuation. The head prism drive shaft section continuation (20), two head prism drive shaft guides (26), three head prism drive shaft noise eliminators (21), two waveguide clamp brackets (30), two waveguide clamp plates (28), their pins (29), four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (31), and four waveguide clamp

 
405

plate adjustment screw locknuts (32) are similar to the sixth inner tube section (1).

2. Center air line section continuation. The center air line section continuation (34) is retained to the periphery of the fifth inner tube section (19) with three soldered air line straps (33) equally distributed. The air line section continuation (34) is an extension of the center air line section (16) and is soldered on the air line coupling (35) at its lower end in the lower part of the fifth inner tube section. The lower air line section (34) attaches on the lower undercut section of the air line coupling (35) and is secured to the lower periphery wall of the fifth inner tube section (19) with one soldered air line strap (33).

3. Tape strap. The tape strap (36) is soldered to the periphery of the fifth inner tube section in the center and in the vertical centerline of the tape slots in the coupling bearing flange to preserve vertical guidance of the change of power shifting wire tapes (35, Figure 7-11).

4. Anti-reflection screen liners. The four anti-reflection screen liners (27) are installed in the fifth inner tube section (19). Refer to anti-reflection screen liners of the sixth and eighth inner tube sections (1 and 60, Figure 7-6) as they are identical in construction and serve the same purpose and function.

5. Fifth inner tube section upper end coupling. The left inner tube section upper end coupling (22) is identical to the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63, Figure 7-6). This upper end coupling forms a joint between the lower part of the sixth inner tube section (1) and the upper part of the fifth inner tube section (19).

o. Fourth inner tube section. The fourth inner tube section (37) is made of the same material and design as the eighth inner tube section (60, Figure 7-6) except that it has an over-all length of 73.750 inches. The upper part of this inner tube section is secured on the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40) while its lower part is secured on upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40). The upper and lower parts of the fourth inner tube section are each secured with 24 lockscrews (42).

  1. Head prism drive shaft section continuation. The head prism drive shaft section continuation (38) is an extension of the head prism drive shaft section (61, Figure 7-6) of the eighth inner tube section and extends the entire length of the fourth inner tube section. The drive shaft is supported to the fourth inner tube section, with two head prism shaft guides (44) soldered to the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall. Each guide consists of a flat piece of brass provided with a clearance hole. Three head prism drive shaft noise eliminators (39) are equally spaced over the drive shaft.

2. Waveguide clamp brackets. The two waveguide clamp brackets (49) are secured to the upper and lower parts of the fourth inner tube section (37) flush with the upper and lower faces. Both clamp brackets are retained on the right side of the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall with two lockscrews each (43). Refer to the waveguide clamp brackets (73, Figure 7-6) of the eighth inner tube section (60) for details as well as for the two waveguide clamp plates (47), their pins (48), four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (50), and the four waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts (51) which are identical.

3. Lower air line section continuation. The lower air line section continuation (53) is an extension of the lower air line section (34) of the fifth inner tube section (19). It extends the entire length of the fourth inner tube section (37), and is secured to its periphery with four soldered air line straps (52) equally distributed.

4. Tape strap. The tape strap (54) is soldered on the periphery of the fourth inner tube section (37) located in the central part. It is located in the vertical centerline of the tape slots in the coupling bearing flanges. This strap provides vertical guidance to the change of power shifting wire tapes (35, Figure 7-11).

5. Anti-reflection screen liners. Four antireflection screen liners (45 and 46) are installed. in the fourth inner tube section (37). Three of these screen liners (45) are identical in length to the screen liners (27) located in the fifth inner tube section (19). The fourth screen liner (46) is 15.750 inches in length. Refer to the anti-reflection screen liners (70, Figure 7-6) of

 
406

the eighth inner tube section (60), as they are identical.

6. Fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. The fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40) is identical to the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63, Figure 7-6). This upper end coupling forms a joint between the lower part of the fifth inner tube section (19) and the upper part of the fourth inner tube section (37).

7. Fourth inner tube section lower end coupling. The fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40) is identical to the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63, Figure 7-6). This lower end coupling forms a joint between the lower part of the fourth inner tube section (37) and the upper part of the third inner tube section (1, Figure 7-10).

7F3. Disassembly of Part I. The upper telescope system assembly Part I is disassembled in the following manner:

1. Remove the head prism drive shaft universal coupling taper pin (26) from the upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) and the quadruple screw shaft (16).

2. Remove the quadruple screw follower (3), unscrewing it from the quadruple screw shaft (16).

3. Remove the quadruple screw shaft (16), carrying it out of the outer and lower flange quadruple screw shaft ball bearings (8) and the quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17). Remove bath quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts (4) an the quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut washer (5) from the quadruple screw shaft (16). The quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17) remains in place, between the center and lower flanges of the fifth reduced tube section.

4. The two quadruple screw shaft ball bearings (8), and the quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17) should not be removed unless corroded or damaged. Should replacement be required, it will be necessary to tap out both ball bearings (8) and the thrust bushing (17).

5. Remove the two upper eyepiece lens mount lockscrews (11) and one upper eyepiece

  lens mount axial alignment screw (9). The two lockscrews and the alignment screw are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper eyepiece lens mount (18).

6. Remove the upper eyepiece lens mount (18), sliding it out from the lower end of the fifth reduced tube section (1). Remove the upper eyepiece lens mount with the upper eyepiece lens (2), the upper eyepiece lens clamp ring (6), and its lockscrew (12).

7. Remove the lockscrew (12) from the upper eyepiece lens clamp ring (6). This lockscrew is unscrewed from the tapped hole in the upper eyepiece lens clamp ring and carried out of the countersunk clearance hole in the upper eyepiece lens mount (18).

8. Remove the upper eyepiece lens clamp ring (6), unscrewing it with a special wrench from the upper eyepiece lens mount (18).

9. Place the upper eyepiece lens mount (18) on a piece of clean lens tissue, resting it on its upper face. Use a piece of clean lens tissue on the lower face of the upper eyepiece lens (2) and press downward on the lens tissue and the upper eyepiece lens to remove it from the mount. After removal, wrap the upper eyepiece lens in a piece of clean lens tissue, and store it in a dry container to prevent scratches and breakage.

10. Separate the lower part of the fourth reduced tube section (20) from the upper part of the third reduced tube section (28). Remove the six lockscrews (24) from the lower flange of the fourth reduced tube section and the upper flange of the third reduced tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper flange of the third reduced tube section (28). Remove the fourth reduced tube section from the third reduced tube section, carrying it off axially.

11. Separate the lower part of the third reduced tube section (28) from the upper part of the second reduced tube section (42). Remove the six lockscrews (37) from the lower flange of the third reduced tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper flange of the second reduced tube section. Remove the third reduced tube section from

 
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the second reduced tube section, carrying it off axially.

12. Remove the two telemeter lens mount lockscrews (38) and one angular alignment lockscrew (35). These two lockscrews and the angular alignment lockscrew are unscrewed from tapped holes in the telemeter lens mount (31).

13. Place the third reduced tube section (28) so that it is resting on its lower face to allow the telemeter lens mount (31) with the telemeter lens (29), telemeter lens clamp ring (32), and its lockscrew (39) to slide out

14. Remove the telemeter lens clamp ring lockscrew (34). This lockscrew is unscrewed from the tapped hole in the telemeter lens mount (31) and the partially tapped hole in the telemeter lens-clamp ring (32).

15. Remove the telemeter lens clamp ring (32), unscrewing it from the telemeter lens mount (31) by the use of a special wrench.

16. Place the telemeter lens mount (31) on a clean piece of lens tissue, resting the lower face of the mount on the lens tissue. Place a piece of clean tissue on the upper face of the telemeter lens (29) and push the telemeter lens down on the lens tissue easily. After removal, wrap the telemeter lens in a piece of clean lens tissue and store it in a dry container to prevent scratches and breakage

17. Separate the lower part of the second reduced tube section (42) from the upper part of the first reduced be section (51). Remove the six lockscrews (46) from the lower flange of the second reduced tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper flange of the first reduced tube section. Remove the second reduced tube section from the first reduced tube section, carrying it off axially.

18. Separate the lower part of the first reduced tube section (51) from the upper part of the reducing coupling (64). Remove the six lockscrews (55) from the lower flange of the first reduced tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the reducing coupling bearing flange. Remove the first reduced tube section from the reducing coupling, carrying it off axially.

  19. Separate the lower part of the reducing coupling (64) from the upper part of the eighth inner tube section (60). Remove the 24 lockscrews (66) from the eighth inner tube section and the reducing coupling. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the reducing coupling. Remove the reducing coupling from its connection in the upper part of the eighth inner tube section, carrying it off axially.

20. Separate the lower part of the eighth inner tube section (60) from the upper alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63). Remove the two lockscrews (68) from the waveguide clamp bracket (73). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower part of the eighth inner tube section flat 50 degrees minor chord wall, and the upper alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling. Remove the clamp bracket (73), carrying with it the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (74) and the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts (75). Remove the 24 lockscrews (67) from the lower end of the eighth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling. Remove the eighth inner tube section from the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling, carrying it off axially.

21. Remove the two anti-reflection screen liners (70) from the inside of the eighth inner tube section (60). Use a special ramming plunger jig (Figure 7-8) to force out the antireflection screen liners.

22. Separate the lower alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63) from its connection in the upper part of the seventh inner tube section (79). Remove the 24 lockscrews (87) from the upper part of the seventh inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling. Remove the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling from the upper part of the seventh inner tube section, carrying it out axially.

 
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Figure 7-8. Special ramming plunger jig.
Figure 7-8. Special ramming plunger jig.
23. Remove the four upper objectives lens mount lockscrews (86). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper objective lens mount (82) and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the seventh inner tube section (79).

24. Remove the upper objective lens mount axial alignment lockscrew (88). This alignment lockscrew is unscrewed from a tapped hole in the upper objective lens mount (82) and carried out of the axial slot in the seventh inner tube section (79).

25. Place a special upper objective lens mount removal jig in the two holes provided in the lower part of the upper objective lens mount (82) to slide the upper objective lens mount out of either end of the seventh inner tube section (79).

26. Remove the four upper objective lens clamp ring lockscrews (89). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper objective lens clamp ring (89) and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the upper objective lens mount (82).

27. Remove the upper objective lens clamp ring (83), sliding it out of upper objective lens mount (82).

  28. Place the upper objective lens mount (82) with the upper objective lens (80 and 81) on a special padded wooden block (Figure 7-9). The mount will slide down over the block, with the upper objective lens and the upper objective lens spacer (84) remaining on the padded portion of the block.

29. Wrap the flint and crown elements of the upper objective lens (80 and 81) in clean lens tissue, and store them in a dry container to prevent scratches and breakage.

7F4. Reassembly of Part I. The upper telescope system assembly Part I is reassembled in the following manner:

1. Circular brushes must be used with a cleaning solvent followed with an air line hose. Brush and blow out the fifth reduced tube section internal surfaces. This must be repeated with each of the succeeding reduced tube sections, inner tube sections, couplings, lens mounts, and clamp rings.

2. Reassemble both quadruple screw shaft adjusting nuts (4) and the quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut washer (5) on the short threaded section of the quadruple screw shaft (16). The adjusting nuts must be run up against the shoulder of the quadruple screw threads.

 
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Figure 7-9. Objective lens special padded wooden
block.
Figure 7-9. Objective lens special padded wooden block.

3. Lubricate lightly the quadruple screw threads (16) and the two ball bearings (8). Ball bearings should be placed back to back in the counterbored recesses in their respective flanges of the fifth reduced tube section (1) separated with quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17).

4. Insert the lower part of the quadruple screw shaft (16) through the center flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1), and further through the center flange and the reassembled upper quadruple screw shaft ball bearing (8). The lower part of the quadruple screw shaft is carried further through the quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17), into the lower quadruple screw shaft ball bearing (8), and is further carried through the lower flange of the fifth reduced tube section (1).

5. Reassemble the upper part of the head prism drive shaft universal coupling (23) on the stub section of the quadruple screw shaft (16). Insert the taper pin (26) into the lined up holes of the universal coupling and the quadruple screw shaft stem section.

  6. Use a small open end wrench to adjust the quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut (4). Tightening should be continued until there is no axial movement or play present in the quadruple screw shaft and in both of the quadruple screw shaft ball bearings (8). The separation of the ball bearings is maintained by the quadruple screw shaft thrust bushing (17). The above adjustment is maintained with the securement of the upper quadruple screw shaft adjusting nut against the lower, allowing the quadruple screw shaft (16) to revolve freely without any thrust.

7. Check reference marks of the quadruple screw follower (3) and the quadruple screw shaft (16) for proper entry. The quadruple screw shaft and its follower (16 and 3) should revolve freely without lost motion. Should any lost motion be noticeable, it can be removed by slacking off on the quadruple screw follower slot spreading screw (13) and a slight tightening of the quadruple screw follower slot closing screws (14) to maintain sufficiently smooth actuation. This provides a snug movement which is necessary to eliminate backlash, but operates smoothly throughout the entire travel of the follower.

8. The fifth reduced tube section (1) is not assembled to the fourth reduced tube section (20) until after the reassembly of the head prism drive shafts and the universal couplings to the reduced tube and inner tube sections. The upper eyepiece lens (2), upper eyepiece lens mount (18), and the upper eyepiece lens clamp ring (6), are cleaned and assembled under Section 7T1, Steps 9 to 18 inclusive.

9. Reassemble the lower flange of the fourth reduced tube section (20) to the upper flange of the third reduced tube section (28). The alignment dowel pin (25) of the fourth reduced tube section lower flange should engage in a reamed hole in the flange face of the third reduced tube section to reestablish the factory alignment. Secure both flanges together by the insertion of six lockscrews (24). These lockscrews are inserted into clearance holes in the lower flange of the fourth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the upper flange face of the third reduced tube section.

 
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10. Clean the telemeter lens (29) with clean lens tissue; surface dust can be removed with a clean camel's hair brush. A vacuum brush used with ether is also effective.

11. Place the telemeter lens (29) in the telemeter lens mount (31) with the etched graduations facing the shoulder seat in the mount. Rotate the telemeter lens so that the periphery groove will engage the telemeter lens lockscrews (39) projecting inward from the telemeter lens mount inner circumference.

12. Screw the telemeter lens clamp ring (32) into the internal threaded section in the telemeter lens mount (31) tightly against the telemeter lens (29). The lockscrew holes should coincide when the telemeter lens is tightened sufficiently.

13. Insert and secure the telemeter lens clamp ring lockscrew (34), screwing it into a tapped hole in the telemeter lens mount (31) and a partially tapped hole in the clamp ring (32).

14. Place the assembled telemeter lens mount (31) in the counterbored section in the lower part of the third reduced tube section, sliding it in with the etched graduated surface facing upward.

15. Insert the angular alignment lockscrew (35) through the circumferential slot in the third educed tube section. (28) and screw it into a tapped hole in the telemeter lens mount (31).

16. The two telemeter lens mount lockscrews (38) should not be inserted into the tapped holes in the, third reduced tube section (28) and the partially tapped holes in the telemeter lens mount until completion of final collimation. Place these lockscrews in a small box until ready for securing.

17. Check the telemeter lens (29) for cleanliness before reassembly of the third reduced tube section (28) to the second reduced tube section (42).

18. Reassemble the lower flange of the third reduced tube section (28) to the upper flange of the second reduced tube section (42). The alignment dowel pin (40) of the third reduced tube section lower flange should engage in a reamed hole in the upper flange face of the second

  reduced tube section to reestablish the factory alignment. Secure both flanges together by the insertion of six lockscrews (37). These lockscrews are inserted into clearance holes in the lower flange of the third reduced tube section and screwed into the tapped holes in the upper flange face of the second reduced tube section.

19. Reassemble the lower flange of the second reduced tube section (42) to the upper flange of the first reduced tube section (51). The alignment dowel pin (48) of the second reduced tube section lower flange should engage in a reamed hole in the upper flange face of the first reduced tube section to reestablish the factory alignment. Secure both flanges together by the insertion of six lockscrews (46). These lockscrews are inserted into clearance holes in the lower flange of the second reduced tube section and screwed in the tapped holes in the upper flange face of the first reduced tube section.

20. Place one anti-reflection screen liner (70) in the upper end of the 8th inner tube section (60). Wash the anti-reflection screen liners, using a circular brush with a suitable cleaning solvent and blow it out with well filtered air. Use a special ramming plunger jig (Figure 7-8) to force the screen liner into this inner tube section, allowing three inches for reassembly of the reducing coupling (64).

21. Insert another anti-reflection screen liner (70) forcing the screen liner into the lower end of the eighth inner tube section, allowing 3 inches for reassembly of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63).

22. Reassemble the reducing coupling (64) into the upper end of the eighth inner tube section (60). Secure them together by inserting 24 lockscrews (66). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the eighth inner tube section and are screwed into tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the reducing coupling.

23. Reassemble the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63) into the lower end of the eighth inner tube section. Check reference marks for proper alignment of both the eighth inner tube section and lower end coupling. Secure them together by inserting 24 lockscrews

 
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(67). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the lower part of the eighth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the eight inner tube section lower end coupling (63).

24. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (73) to the lower part of the eighth inner tube section of the flat 50 degrees minor chord and secure it with two lockscrews (68). These lockscrews are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the lower part of the eighth inner tube section and its lower end coupling. The waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (74) and the waveguide clamp plate adjustment screw locknuts (75) are assembled with the waveguide clamp bracket (73).

25. Clean the upper objective lens (80 and 81) in similar manner to that noted under Step 10.

26. Place the flint element (80) of the upper objective lens on the padded wooden block (Figure 7-9) with the longest radius of this lens lying on the padded surface with its concave face upward.

27. Place the upper objective lens spacer ring (84) with the filed flat 50 degrees minor chord radius portion facing upward.

28. Place the crown element (81) of the upper objective lens on the upper objective lens spacer ring (84) with the shortest radius resting in the spacer ring. Align the flat 50 degrees minor chord surfaces of both lenses with the flat 50 degrees minor chord surface of the upper objective lens spacer ring.

29. Place the upper objective lens mount (82) over the assembled upper objective lens and the padded wooden block. Turn the complete assembly with the padded block over so that the crown half of the upper objective lens is resting on the shoulder seat in the-upper objective lens mount (82).

30. Reassemble the upper objective clamp ring (83) sliding it in the upper objective lens mount (82) with the flat 50 degrees minor chord section having the slight radius resting against the flint element face (80). Secure the upper objective lens clamp ring with four lockscrews (89).

  31. Reassemble the assembled upper objective lens mount (82) sliding it in the seventh inner tube section, with the upper objective lens clamp ring (83) facing upward.

32. Insert the upper objective lens mount axial alignment lockscrew (88) through the axial slot in the seventh inner tube section, and screw it into a tapped hole in the upper objective lens mount (82).

33. The four upper objective lens mount lockscrews (86) are not inserted into the upper objective lens mount (82) until after the final collimation. Place these lockscrews in a small box until ready for securing.

34. Reassemble the lower flange of the first reduced tube section (51) to the reducing coupling (64). The alignment dowel pin (57) of the first reduced tube section lower flange should engage in the reamed hole in the flange face of the reducing coupling to reestablish the factory alignment. Secure them together by the insertion of the six lockscrews (55). These lockscrews are inserted in clearance holes in the lower flange of the first reduced tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the bearing flange of the reducing coupling.

35. Reassemble the upper end of the seventh inner tube section (79) on the lower alignment support section of the lower part of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling (63). Secure them together by inserting 24 lockscrews (87). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the seventh inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the eighth inner tube section lower end coupling. Place a canvas boot over the lower end of the seventh inner tube section, and the upper end of the fourth reduced section to prevent dirt and dust settling on the lenses and the inner surfaces of cleaned reduced and inner tube sections.

7F5. Disassembly of Part II. The upper telescope system Part II is disassembled in the following manner:

1. Separate the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4) from the upper part of the sixth inner tube section (1). Remove the two lockscrews (7) from the waveguide clamp

 
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bracket (12). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the upper part of the sixth inner tube section and the lower alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling. Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (12) carrying with it the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (13) and screw locknuts (14). Remove the 24 lockscrew (6) from the upper part of the sixth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the sixth inner tube section.

2. Separate the sixth inner tube section (1) from the upper part of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22). Remove the two lockscrews (7) from the waveguide clamp bracket (12). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the lower part of the sixth inner tube section and the upper alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling. Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (12) from the lower part of this inner tube section in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 1. Remove the 24 lockscrews (6) from the lower part of the sixth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the peer alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the lower part of the sixth inner tube section.

3. Remove the four anti-reflection screen liners (9) from the sixth inner tube section. Use a special ramming plunger jig (Figure 7-8) to force out the anti-reflection screen liners.

4. Separate the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22) from the upper part of the fifth inner tube section (19). Remove the two lockscrews (25) from the waveguide clamp bracket (30). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the upper part of the fifth inner tube section and the lower alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling. Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (30), carrying with it the two waveguide clamp

  plate adjustment screws (31) and screw locknuts (32). Remove the 24 lockscrews from the upper part of the fifth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the fifth inner tube section.

5. Separate the fifth inner tube section (19) from the upper part of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40). Remove the two lockscrews (25) from the waveguide clamp bracket (30). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the lower part of the fifth inner tube section and the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40). Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (30) from the lower part of this inner tube section in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 4. Remove the 241ockscrews (24) from the lower part of the fifth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in the lower part of the fifth inner tube section.

6. Remove the four anti-reflection screen liners (27) from the fifth inner tube section, in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 3.

7. Separate the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40) from the upper part of the fourth inner tube section (37). Remove the two lockscrews (43) from the waveguide clamp bracket (49). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the upper part of the fourth inner tube section (37) and the lower alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (49), carrying with it the two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (50) and the two screw locknuts (51). Remove the 24 lockscrews (42) from the upper part of the fourth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling and carried out of countersunk

 
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clearance holes in the upper part of the fourth inner tube section.

8. Separate the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40) from the lower part of the fourth inner tube section (37). Remove the two lockscrews (43) from the waveguide clamp bracket (49). These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the flat 50 degrees minor chord wall of the lower part of the fourth inner tube section and the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling. Remove the waveguide clamp bracket (49) from the lower part of this inner tube section in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 7. Remove the 24 lockscrews (42) from the lower part of the fourth inner tube section. These lockscrews are unscrewed from tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling and carried out of countersunk clearance holes in lower part of the fourth inner tube section.

9. Remove three long and one short antireflection liners (45 and 46) from the fourth inner tube section (37) in the same manner as that noted under Step 3.

7F6. Reassembly of Part II. The upper telescope system assembly Part II is reassembled in the following mariner:

1. Circular brushes must be used with a cleaning solvent followed with a filtered air line hose. Brush and blow out all the inner tube sections, couplings and the anti-reflection screen liners of Section 7F5.

2. Install the two anti-reflection screen liners (9) in the upper part of the sixth inner tube section (1). Use a special ram pang plunger jig (Figure 7-8) to force the screen liners into this inner tube section allowing 3 inches for the assembly of the lower alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4).

3. Install the two anti-reflection screen liners (9) in the lower part of the sixth inner tube section (1). Follow the procedure of inserting the screen liners in the lower part of this inner tube section stated under Step 2. Three inches is allowed for assembly of the

  upper alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22) in the lower part of the sixth inner tube section.

4. Reassemble the lower part of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling (4) in the upper part of the sixth inner tube section (1). Secure the coupling to the inner tube section with 24 lockscrews (6). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the sixth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (12) to the upper part of the sixth inner tube section flat 50 degrees minor chord wall with two lockscrews (7). The two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (13) and screw locknuts (14) are reassembled with the bracket. These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the upper part of the sixth inner tube section flat 50 degrees minor chord wall and the lower alignment support section of the sixth inner tube section upper end coupling.

5. Install the four anti-reflection screen liners (27) in the upper and lower parts of the fifth inner tube section (19) in similar manner to the procedure followed under Steps 2 and 3.

6. Reassemble the lower part of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22) in the upper part of the fifth inner tube section (19). Secure the coupling to the inner tube section with 24 lockscrews (24). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the fifth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section lower end coupling. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (30) to the upper part of the fifth inner tube section with two lockscrews (25). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the upper part of the fifth inner tube section flat 50 degrees minor chord wall and the lower alignment support section of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling. The two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (31) and screw locknuts (32) are reassembled with the bracket.

 
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7. Reassemble the lower part of the sixth inner tube section (1) on the upper part of the fifth inner tube section upper end coupling (22). Secure the above inner tube section to the coupling in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 4. Reassemble the waveguide bracket (12) to the lower part in the similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 4.

8. Install the four anti-reflection screen liners (45 and 46) in the upper end lower parts of the fourth inner tube section (37) in similar manner to the procedure followed under Steps 2 and 3.

9. Reassemble the lower part of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40) in the upper part of the fourth inner tube section (37). Secure the above coupling to the inner tube section with 24 lockscrews (42). These lockscrews are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the upper part of the fourth inner tube section and screwed into the tapped holes in the lower alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (49) to the upper part of the fourth inner tube section (37) with two lockscrews (43). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the bracket and screwed into tapped holes in the upper part of the fourth inner tube section flat 50 degrees minor chard wall and

  the lower alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. The two waveguide clamp plate adjustment screws (50) and screw locknuts (51) are reassembled with the bracket.

10. Reassemble the upper part of the fourth inner tube section lower end coupling (40) in the lower part of the fourth inner tube section (37). Secure the coupling in the inner tube section with 24 lockscrews (42). These lockscrews are inserted into countersunk clearance holes in the lower part of the fourth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (49) in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 9.

11. Reassemble the lower part of the fifth inner tube section (19) on the upper part of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling (40). Secure the inner tube section to the coupling with 24 lockscrews (24). These lockscrews are inserted in countersunk clearance holes in the lower part of the fifth inner tube section and screwed into tapped holes in the upper alignment support section of the fourth inner tube section upper end coupling. Reassemble the waveguide clamp bracket (30) to the lower part of the fifth inner tube section in similar manner to the procedure followed under Step 6.

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